Today in Philippine History, April 4, 1868, Felipe Calderon was born in Santa Cruz de Malabon, Cavite

Tuesday April 03, 2012 ()

On April 4, 1868, Felipe Calderon, a lawyer, statesman, and known as the "Father of Malolos Constitution", was born in Santa Cruz de Malabon (now Tanza), Cavite to Don Jose Gonzales Calderon and Doña Manuela Roca.

Felipe Calderon   
(Felipe Calderon in 1900)   

Calderon was the author of the Malolos Constitution, which was enacted on January 20, 1899 by the Malolos Congress that established the First Philippine Republic.

The original was written in Spanish, which became the first official language of the Philippines.

Notably, Calderon established two law universities -- Liceo de Manila, the first law college in the Philippines, and the Escuela de Derecho (School of Duties). He taught in both institutions.

In 1904, he was appointed member of a commission to draft a proposed Penal Code. He also organized the La Proteccion de la Infancia (The Protection of Infants) that established a humanitarian institution to protect and care for disadvantaged children.

His Encyclopedia Filipinas was published in 1908.

He died on July 6, 1908 at the age of 40.

Reference: Philippine News Agency


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