Today in Philippine History, April 25, 1888, Juan Arellano was born in Tondo, Manila

Tuesday April 24, 2012 ()

On April 25, 1888, Juan Marcos Arellano y de Guzman, a Filipino architect and painter, best known as architect of Manila's Metropolitan Theater, was born in Tondo, Manila.

Juan Marcos Arellano   
(Juan Marcos Arellano)   

Arellano finished his Bachelor's degree in Architecture in the United States being sent as one of the first pensionados in architecture and subsequently went to work for George B. Post & Sons in New York City.

He was also the architect of the Executive House (1926) (now houses the National Museum of the Philippines), the Manila Post Office Building (1926), the Cebu Provincial Capitol (1937), and the Jones Bridge.

In 1930, he returned to Manila and designed the Manila Metropolitan Theater, which was then considered controversially modern. He also continued to act as a consulting architect for the Bureau of Public Works where he oversaw the production of Manila's first zoning plan.

In 1940, he was the one who created a design for Quezon City, which was to become the new capital of the Philippines. It was during that time that he also designed the building that would house the United States High Commission to the Philippines, later the Embassy of the United States in Manila.

He retired in 1956 and went back to painting until his death in 1960.

Reference: Philippines News Agency archives
Photo credit: Arkitekturang Filipino Online


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