Today in Philippine History, July 12, 1859, the Jesuits returned for the first time since their expulsion on April 2, 1767

Wednesday July 11, 2012 ()

On July 12, 1859, the Jesuits returned to the Philippines for the first time since their expulsion on April 2, 1767.

   Jesuits returned for the first time since their expulsion on April 2, 1767

After they returned in 1859, they took over a municipal school, Escuela Pia, which later evolved as the Ateneo de Manila, a school run by Jesuits until this day.

Their first school in the Philippines, however, was not Ateneo de Manila but Colegio de Manila, dating back to 1601. This institution later became Colegio de San Jose and now exists as the San Jose Seminary.

The Jesuit presence in the Philippines is mainly associated with putting up of schools including

  • Xavier University which started in 1933 as Ateneo de Cagayan High School
  • Ateneo de Davao, founded in 1948, when Ateneo brothers took over St. Peter's Parochial School
  • Xavier School, established in 1956 for Chinese-Filipinos and
  • Cebu's Sacred Heart School which began in 1957 as a Jesuit school also for Chinese-Filipinos. Sacred Heart is now managed by Hijas de Jesus, an order of Catholic sisters.

Notably, the Manila Observatory was a Jesuit institution and was the first in Asia to issue warnings about approaching typhoons. The Spanish government eventually put up secondary institutions throughout the country, forming a vast meteorological service that also monitored earthquakes. The Observatory also conducted astronomical studies.

Reference:
Philippines News Agency


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