Today in Philippine History, October 1, 1898, the peace negotiations between Spain and the United States started

Saturday September 29, 2012 ()

October 1, 1898,  the peace negotiations between Spain and the United States started
US Secretary of State, John Hay, signing the memorandum of ratification on behalf of the United States

On October 1, 1898, the peace negotiations between Spain and the United States started in Paris, France to produce a treaty that would bring an end to the war after six months of hostilities.

The American Peace Commission consisted of William R. Day, Senator Cushman K. Davis, Senator William P. Frye, Senator George Gray, and the Honorable Whitelaw Reid.

Today in Philippine History,  October 1, 1898,  the peace negotiations between Spain and the United States started

The Spanish commission was headed by Don Eugenio Montero Rios, the President of the Senate. Members were, Don Buenaventura de Abarzuza, Don José de Garnica, Don Wenceslao Ramírez de Villa-Urrutia, and Don Rafael Cerero. Jules Cambon, a French diplomat, also negotiated on Spain's behalf.

Meanwhile, on this day in Washington DC, President McKinley received Felipe Agoncillo, representative of President Emilio Aguinaldo. Agoncillo presented his case in Washington for the Philippine Independence movement and its representation on the Peace Commission. His request was rejected by President McKinley because the First Philippine Republic was not recognized by foreign governments.

The American commissioners negotiated in a hostile atmosphere because all Europe, except England, was sympathetic to the Spanish side.

Although the Conference discussed Cuba and debt questions, the major conflict concerned the situation of the Philippines. The U.S. ultimately paid Spain 20 million dollars for possession of the Philippines.

The islands of Puerto Rico and Guam were also placed under American control, and Spain relinquished its claim to Cuba.

The treaty was signed on December 10, 1898.

The U.S. Senate ratified the Treaty of Paris by a vote of 52 to 27 on February 6 1899. On March 19, 1899, the Queen regent, of Spain, María Cristina, signed the Treaty.

It took into effect on April 11, 1899 when the ratifications were exchanged.

References:
Pambansang Komisyong Pangkasaysayan
The US Library of Congress
Photo credit: Wikipedia Commons


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