Today in Philippine History, November 12, 1899, Filipino military leaders decided to disband the army

Friday November 09, 2012 ()

On November 12, 1899, at war council held at Bayambang, Pangasinan, which was attended by General Emilio Aguinaldo and many of the Filipino military leaders, a resolution was adopted to the effect that the Army were incapable of further resistance in the field, and as a consequence, it was decided to disband the army, the generals and their men to return to their own provinces, with a view to organizing the people for general resistance by means of guerrilla warfare.

Filipino soldiers in 1899
(Filipino soldiers in 1899, photo credit: Wikipedia Commons.)

Accordingly, the uniformed battalions and regiments broke up into small bands which maintained a most persistent guerrilla for years thereafter. During those years Filipino soldiers seldom wear uniforms, disappearing as non-combatant peasants interrupted in agricultural pursuits, with invariable protestations of friendship.

Hence all such came to be known as amigos, and the word amigo a by-word, meaning an American soldier, an enemy falsely claiming to be a friend.

The following day, on November 13, 1899, Emilio Aguinaldo's retreat to Northern Luzon begun, leaving Bayambang with his staff and a force under the command of General Gregorio del Pilar.

References:
US War Department Report, 1900, Volume I, p. 59 via
The American Occupation of the Philippines, James Blunt, 1913
Pambansang Komisyong Pangkasaysayan


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