Today in Philippine History, April 12, 1953, the Nacionalista Party nominated Magsaysay as its candidate for the presidency

Tuesday April 09, 2013 ()

   Defensse Secretary Ramon Magsaysay in the field
   Defensse Secretary Ramon Magsaysay in the field supervising HUK operations (Photo credit: Tumblr account of Manuel L. Quezon III).
On April 12, 1953, the Nacionalista Party, in its national convention held in the Fiesta Pavilion of the Manila Hotel, nominated recently resigned National Defense Secretary Ramon Magsaysay as its candidate for the presidency by a vote of 702 against 49 votes for Camilo Osias. Magsaysay was proposed for nomination by Senator Jose P. Laurel. Cipriano Primicias, in proposing Osias, was not allowed by the convention to finish his speech, and Osias, himself, in a two-hour speech on his own behalf was repeatedly booed whenever he voiced direct or indirect criticism of Magsaysay.

Senator Carlos P. Garcia, of Bohol, was nominated for the vice-presidency by a vote of 594 against a vote of 157 for Senator Jose C. Zulueta.

Senator Claro M. Recto delivered a key-note address, remarkable for its "power of denunciation", following the nominations.

Today in Philippine History, April 12, 1953, the Nacionalista Party nominated Magsaysay as its candidate for the presidency

As a consequence of the Magsaysay nomination, disgruntled Nacionalista Party Senators Osias and Zulueta defected to the Liberal Party (LP) giving way for the LP to seize control of the Senate with a new line-up of 12 to 11. Subsequentyly Osias and Zulueta were elected President of the Senate and President pro-tempore respectively, replacing Eulogio Rodriguez and Manuel C. Briones.

The move further precipitated a reorganization of all committees in the Sanate.

Magsaysay and the Nacionalistas would later make an almost clean sweep in the (November 10, 1953) elections.

President Elpidio Quirino as candidate for reelection obtained only 1,313,991 votes as against the 2,912,992 votes for Magsaysay. Carlos P. Garcia was elected to the Vice-Presidency by a vote of 2,515,265, against 1,483,802 received by Jose Yulo. Quirino carried only 4 of the 52 provinces (Abra, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, and La Union), only 3 of the 28 chartered cities (Calbayog, Dansalan, and Ormoc), and only 217 of the 1236 towns and municipal districts.

Of the 8 men elected to the Senate, 5 were Nacionalistas (Eulogio Rodriguez, Emmanuel Pelaez, Edmundo Cea, Mariano Cuenco, and Alejo Mabanag), 2 belonged to the new Democratic Party (Fernando Lopez and Ruperto Kangleon), and 1 to the Citizens Party (Lorenzo TaƱada). This left only 4 hold-over Liberals in that body (Paredes, Magalona, Zulueta, and Peralta).

Of the 102 members elected to the House of Representatives, 58 were Nacionalistas, 31 Liberals, 11 Democrats, and 2 independents, (Pedro Lopez of Cebu and Juan Bondad of the Mountain Province).

References:

  1. Business View, American Chamber of Commerce of the Philippines, Volume XXIX, Number 5, May 1953, page 192
  2. American Chamber of Commerce of the Philippines, Volume XXXI, Number 9, September 1955, page 392.


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