Today in Philippine history, June 30, 1973, Philippine Coconut Authority was established by virtue of PD No. 232

Monday June 29, 2020 ()

On June 30, 1973, The Philippine Coconut Authority (PCA) was created pursuant to Presidential Decree 232. It absorbed and assumed the powers and functions of the then Coconut Coordinating Council (CCC), the Philippine Coconut Administration (PHILCOA) and the Philippine Coconut Research Institute (PHILCORIN).

Philippine Coconut Authority
(Philippine Coconut Authority)

As per this decree, the PCA is governed by a Board of eleven members, who shall meet as often as necessary, composed of:

  1. Three representatives at-large of the private sector, to be appointed by the President, who shall have recognized competence in the many facets of the industry and be leaders of the industry acknowledged by both the government and private sector members of the coconut community;
  2. The Chairman, National Science Development Board;
  3. The Undersecretary of Agriculture and Natural Resources;
  4. The Undersecretary of Trade;
  5. The President, Philippine Coconut Producers Federation;
  6. The Chairman, United Coconut Associations of the Philippines;
  7. The Chairman of the Board, Coconut Investment Company;
  8. The Director, Bureau of Plant Industry;
  9. The Director, Bureau of Agricultural Extension.

A Chairman shall be designated by the President from the members of the Board. The Board shall elect a Vice-Chairman who shall assume the functions of the Chairman, whenever the latter is absent or incapacitated, and an Executive Committee of five from among its members, to which it may delegate such powers as it deems fit.

In 1940, National Coconut Corporation (NACOCO) was created to promote the growth and development of the coconut industry. NACOCO became the Philippine Coconut Administration (PHILCOA) with the same function and responsibilities in 1954. Ten years later, it expanded its scope of operations and renamed as Philippine Coconut Research Institute (PHILCORIN) an agency created to monitor, evaluate and conduct researches on the coconut.

At the height of the Period of Expansion, the CCC was created in lieu of PHILCORIN and was tasked to supervise, coordinate and evaluate the implementation of the coconut self-sufficiency program of the government.

These agencies however, lacked singleness in its purpose and the framework upon which they operated did not revolve around the total development of the coconut industry where coconut farmers stood at the focal point. In view of this, Government deemed it necessary to create an agency that would address that situation, thus, the Philippine Coconut Authority was created.

On July 14, 1976 pursuant to P.D. No. 961, the PCA became an independent public corporation reporting directly and supervised solely by the Office of the President. This Decree was the first codification of the laws dealing with the development of the coconut and other palm oil industry. It was later revised on June 11, 1978 by P.D. No. 1468 ("Revised Coconut Industry Code") which eventually became the charter of PCA as a public corporation.

On January 30, 1987, under Cory Aquino, and pursuant to Executive Order No. 116, the PCA was officially declared as an attached Agency of the Department of Agriculture (DA). The declaration of transfer to DA from the Office of the President was enacted to provide overall coordination and monitoring of policies and programs of various sectors in agriculture. The attachment was confirmed and incorporated in the Administrative Code of 1987.

On May 15, 2014, under Benigno Aquino III, Executive Order No. 165 was issued transferring back the Philippine Coconut Authority, National Food Authority, National Irrigation Administration, and Fertilizer and Pesticide Authority to the Office of the President. The declaration of transfer of these agencies to the Office of the President was enacted to enhance and coordinate the efforts of the PCA, NFA, NIA and FPA in fulfilling their respective mandates.

On June 30, 2016, under President Rodrigo Duterte and pursuant to Executive Order No. 01, the PCA was one of the 12 agencies placed under the supervision of the Office of the Cabinet Secretary. The declaration of supervision of the agency was enacted to develop and evaluate poverty reduction programs to reduce both the incidence and magnitude of poverty.

Today, the PCA is the sole government agency that is tasked to develop the industry to its full potential in line with the new vision of a united, globally competitive and efficient coconut industry.

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Comments (Today in Philippine history, June 30, 1973, Philippine Coconut Authority was established by virtue of PD No. 232)