Today in Philippine History, September 11, 1917, Ferdinand E. Marcos was born in Sarrat, Ilocos Norte

Sunday September 11, 2011 ()

President Marcos
(President and First Lady Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos with Lyndon B. Johnson and Lady Bird on September 12, 1966)

On September 11, 1917, Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos, the 10th president of the Philippines and the longest to stay in office for more than 20 years -- from 1966 to February 1987 1986 -- was born in Sarrat, Ilocos Norte to Mariano Marcos and Josefa Edralin.

A champion debater of the University of the Philippines, Marcos topped the Bar examinations with an almost perfect score.

Before his election to the presidency in November 1965, Marcos was a member of the House of Representatives (1949–1959) and of the Senate (1959–1965). He was Senate president from 1963 to 1965.

Dubbed as the country's "strongman," President Marcos' greatest achievement was in the fields of infrastructure, development and international diplomacy.

Today in Philippine History, September 11, 1917, Ferdinand E. Marcos was born in Sarrat, Ilocos Norte

During his first term as president (1966-1969), he managed to attain a robust economy, secured increased economic and financial assistance from the United States, shortened the military bases agreement from 99 years to 25 years, and hosted a seven-nation summit conference on the crisis in South Vietnam.

Following his reelection for a second term in November 1969, he declared martial law in September 1972, abolished both houses of Congress, promulgated a new Constitution and created the Batasang Pambansa in 1981.

Marcos was again reelected as president under the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan party in 1981.

On February 7, 1986, he ran in a snap election against the presidential candidate of the united opposition, Mrs. Corazon C. Aquino, widow of assassinated former Senator Benigno S. Aquino Jr.

Marcos was again declared winner by the then unicameral legislature and the Commission on Elections.

However, a peaceful people power revolution from February 22 to 25, 1986 forced Marcos and his family to flee to Hawaii, paving the way for Mrs. Aquino to be proclaimed as the country's 11th president.

Marcos died at the age of 72 on September 28, 1989 of kidney, heart and lung ailments in Waikiki, Hawaii. His remains are currently interred inside a refrigerated crypt in his Ilocos Norte home province.

Reference: Philippine News Agency
Photo: Wikipedia Commons


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