Today in Philippine History, November 10, 1871, Juan Cailles was born in Nasugbu, Batangas

Thursday November 10, 2011 ()

On November 10, 1871, Juan Cailles, a school teacher who fought during the Philippine Revolution and Philippine-American War, was born in Nasugbu, Batangas.

Cailles, who served as public school teacher of Amaya, Tanza and Rosario, Cavite for five years when the revolution broke out, encouraged his pupils' fathers to fight the Spaniards and join the Katipunan.

Juan Cailles and aide   
(Juan Cailles and aide in 1898)   

Cailles took part in many encounters with the Spaniards, particularly in engagements resulting in the deaths of his superior officers, such as General Candido Tria Tirona, Edilberto Evangelista and Crispulo Aguinaldo, who facilitated his rapid promotion.

He was appointed brigadier general of the army under Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo in 1897, and was the commanding officer of Battalion Trias which fought major battles in Cavite and in the suburbs of Manila.

Cailles was one of the signatories in the declaration of Philippine Independence on June 12, 1898.

Cailles served as acting chief of operations in the first zone of Manila during the Philippine-American War. He was appointed by Aguinaldo as military governor of Laguna and half of Tayabas (now Quezon) province.

However, he surrendered to the Americans on June 20, 1901 after Aguinaldo was captured in Palanan, Isabela, on March 23, 1901.

In later years, Cailles took efforts toward rebuilding the country, serving as governor of Laguna and representative of Mountain Province in the Philippine Legislature.

Cailles died of heart attack on June 28, 1952 at age 80.

Source: Philippine New Agency
Photo: Philippine-American War, 1899-1902 by Arnaldo Dumindin


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