Aguinaldo's Peace Manifesto after his capture and after his oath of allegiance to the United States

Thursday December 01, 2011 ()

General Frederick Funston
General Frederick Funston
Following the report of General Funston about the capture of Aguinaldo, the Federal Party leaders, with General (Arthur) MacArthur's permission, visited Aguinaldo. It was Chief Justice Arellano, formerly attorney general in Aguinaldo's cabinet, who persuaded the General, on April 1, 1901 to take the oath of allegiance to the United States. The oath once taken, the American authorities desired Aguinaldo to issue a manifesto which might help to induce the surrender of the men still in arms.

April 19, 1901 the following manifesto was issued

I believe I am not in error in presuming that the unhappy fate to which my adverse fortune has led me is not a surprise to those who have been familiar with the progress of the war. The lessons taught with a full meaning and which have recently come to my knowledge suggest with irresistible force that a complete termination of hostilities and lasting peace are not only desirable, but absolutely essential to the welfare of the Philippine Islands.

The Filipinos have never been dismayed at their weakness, nor have they faltered in following the path pointed out by their fortitude and courage. The time has come, however, in which they find their advance along this path to be impeded by an irresistible force, which, while it restrains them, yet enlightens their minds and opens to them another course, presenting them the cause of peace. This cause has been joyfully embraced by the majority of my fellow-countrymen, who have already united around the glorious sovereign banner of the United States. In this banner they repose their trust, and believe that under its protection the Filipino people will attain all those promised liberties which they are beginning to enjoy.

The country has declared unmistakably in favor of peace. So be it. There has been enough blood, enough tears, and enough desolation. This wish cannot be ignored by the men still in arms if they are animated by a desire to serve our noble people, which has thus clearly manifested its will. So do I respect this will, now that it is known to me.

After mature deliberation, I resolutely proclaim to the world that I cannot refuse to heed the voice of a people longing for peace, nor the lamentations of thousands of families yearning to see their dear ones enjoying the liberty and the promised generosity of the great American Nation.

By acknowledging and accepting the sovereignty of the United States throughout the Philippine Archipelago, as I now do, and without any reservation whatsoever, I believe that I am serving thee, my beloved country. May happiness be thine!


The manifesto, as published throughout the Philippines, was prefaced by the following comment from General (Arthur) MacArthur:

In order to signalize such an important step in the pacification of the country, 1,000 prisoners of war will, upon taking the oath of allegiance, be released and sent to their homes, for which purpose the Provost Marshal General will give the necessary orders.


Facts about the Filipinos, Progress in Pacification, [September 1900 to July 1901, Vol. 1, no. 10], Philippine Information Society, Page 101-103, Boston, September 15, 1901.


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