Today in Philippine History, December 5, 1837, the first postal service in the Philippines, established by a royal decree 70 years earlier, was reorganized

Monday December 05, 2011 ()

On December 5, 1837, the first postal service in the Philippines, established by a royal decree in 1767, 70 years earlier, was reorganized. A year later, Manila became known as a leading center of postal services within Asia.

Stamp featuring the sampaguita flower   
The 3 cents Sampaguita postage stamp issued on Flower Day, December 8, 1948 (Photo credit: Philippine Republic Stamps).   

Upon its creation in 1767, the first post office was established in the city of Manila, serving mainly to courier government and church documents. It was later organized under a new postal district of Spain, encompassing Manila and the entire Philippine archipelago, in 1779.

Spain joined the Universal Postal Union in 1875, which was announced in the Philippines two years later. Notably, the Philippines received the first postage stamps in 1854 that were used in all of the Spanish colonies.

In 1872, Spain issued the first Philippine stamps, marked "Correos Filipinas", specifically for domestic use.

During the Philippine Revolution, President Emilio Aguinaldo ordered the establishment of a postal system to provide postal services to Filipinos during that time.

The Philippines eventually joined the Universal Postal Union, this time as a sovereign entity, on January 1, 1922.

The Manila Central Post Office Building, designed by Filipino Architect Juan M. Arellano, served as the center of Philippine postal services and the headquarters of the former Bureau of Posts. It was completed in its present-day Neo-Classical style in 1926, but was destroyed during World War II and was rebuilt in 1946.

With the overhaul of the Philippine bureaucracy in 1987, the Bureau of Posts was renamed the Postal Service Office or PSO, by virtue of Executive Order No. 125 which was issued by President Corazon C. Aquino on April 13, 1987. It was also that order that placed the PSO under the Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC).

On April 2, 1992, by virtue of Republic Act No. 7354, the PSO became the present-day Philippine Postal Corporation or PhilPost.

Reference: Philippine News Agency


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