Today in Philippine History, January 13, 1933, the Hare Hawes-Cutting Act was passed

Thursday January 12, 2012 ()

On January 13, 1933, the Hare-Hawes-Cutting Act became the first measure passed by the United States House of Representatives, overriding a veto by President Herbert Hoover, to set definite date for the independence of the Philippines.

The U.S. Senate approved the bill four days later on January 17, 1933. It required the Philippine Senate to ratify the law.

   Butler Hare
   (Butler Hare, member of the U.S. House of Representatives from South Carolina's 2nd district (1925-1933))

The Hare-Hawes-Cutting Act was originally passed by the U.S. Congress in December 1932, but it was vetoed by President Hoover.

The law promised Philippine independence after a 10-year transition period, but reserved several military and naval bases for the United States, as well as imposing tariffs and quotas on Philippine exports.

Philippine Senate President Manuel L. Quezon led a mission to the U.S. opposing the new law and advocated for the passage of the Tydings-McDuffie Act which eliminated objectionable provisions of the Hare-Hawes-Cutting Act. The Philippine Senate supported the new bill and won the support of new U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, which resulted in the passage of the Tydings-McDuffie Act of 1934, more popularly known also as the Philippine Independence Act.

It provided for Philippine Independence and also tax-free exportation of Philippine products such as sugar, coconut oil, and cordage to the United States and the diplomatic negotiation of the military bases issue.

The Philippines was granted independence on July 4, 1946

Reference: Philippine News Agency archives


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