Today in Philippine History, January 14, 1899, General Carlos P. Romulo was born in Camiling, Tarlac

Friday January 13, 2012 ()

On January 14, 1899, General Carlos P. Romulo, journalist, diplomat and the first Filipino to become President of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA), was born in Camiling, Tarlac.

   Carlos P. Romulo
   (General Carlos P. Romulo)

Romulo, who served as UNGA President for its fourth session from 1949 to 1950, was with the American forces when General Douglas MacArthur landed in Leyte on October 20, 1945 to liberate the Philippines from Japanese invasion.

Romulo served as President of the University of the Philippines (U.P.) and Secretary of Foreign Affairs, among other major posts.

In 1941, he won the Pulitzer Prize for Peace for his prewar evaluations of the military situation in the Pacific area. In 1948 he served as president of the United Nations Conference on Freedom of Information in Geneva.

No longer satisfied with the politics of the incumbent Liberal Party, he decided in 1953 to run for the presidency of the Philippines on a third-party ticket, but he withdrew to become campaign manager for the successful Nacionalista Party candidate, Ramon Magsaysay.

At the Bandung Conference (Bandung, Indonesia) of Afro-Asian countries in 1955, he criticized the tyranny of both communist rule and Western colonialism.

In his later years, while serving under President Ferdinand Marcos, Romulo became less democratic in his views. He supported Marcos's imposition of martial law in 1972 and had by the mid-1970s evolved from a champion of a free press into an advocate of a controlled press, charging Western journalists with unfavourably reporting the problems of less-developed countries.

He was conferred the National Artist Award for Literature in 1982.

Romulo died on December 15, 1985 at the age of 86.

Reference:
Philippine News Agency archives
Encyclopædia Britannica (http://www.britannica.com/)
Photo: Wikipedia commons


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