The Kahimyang Project

Significant daily events in April in Philippine history


1

Today in Philippine History, April 1, 1901, Emilio Aguinaldo volunteered to swear his allegiance to the United States

(Posted Saturday March 31, 2012 23:47:59)

   General Aguinaldo in the field
   General Aguinaldo in the field (Photo credit: Wikipedia Commons).
On April 1, 1901, President Emilio Aguinaldo volunteered to swear his allegiance to the United States, formally ending the First Republic and recognizing the sovereignty of the US over the Philippines. He was captured by the Americans in his secret headquarters in Palanan, Isabela on March 23, 1901.

After his capture, Aguinaldo was held at the Malacañang palace as a POW but was treated more as guest than a prisoner from March 28th until April 20th of 1901.




1

Today in Philippine history, April 1, 1955, a series of very strong earthquakes jolted all of Mindanao and the southern Visayas

(Posted Friday September 18, 2015 15:09:15)
Epicenter of the  Mindanao earthquake of April 1, 1955
Epicenter of the Mindanao earthquake of April 1, 1955

On April 1, 1955, a series of very strong earthquakes beginning at 2:18 in the morning, with epicenter between Panguil Bay and Lake Lanao, rocked all of Mindanao, and the southern Visayas, with heavy damage done in Lanao and Occidental Misamis. Many lives were lost in the towns along the shore of Lake Lanao as the water receded and then returned.

The tremors reached up to intensity 8 using a Philippine adaptation of the Rossi-Forel scale with maximun intensity of 9. The earthquake, according to Philippine geologists, was of tectonic origin with epicenter at 7° 55' N 124° 5' E.




1

Today in Philippine history, April 1, 1989, Col. James Rowe was killed in an ambush in Quezon City

(Posted Monday July 18, 2016 16:23:24)
   Col. James Rowe

On April 1, 1989, Colonel James Rowe of the US Army was killed by hit squad ambush. He was the first serving US Army officer to be killed by a rebel group in the Philippines.

Rowe was being driven to work at the JUSMAG (Joint United States Military Advisory Group) headquarters in Quezon City shortly after 7 in the morning when gunmen fired more than 20 bullets into his vehicle.




2

Today in Philippine History, April 2, 1788 Francisco Baltazar was born in Panginay, Bigaa, Bulacan

(Posted Sunday April 01, 2012 19:39:23)

   Francisco Balagtas
   (Francisco Balagtas)
On April 2, 1788, Prominent Filipino poet Francisco Baltazar, the Philippine counterpart of famed English writer William Shakespeare, was born in Panginay, Bigaa, Bulacan.

Known widely through his nom-de-plume Francisco Balagtas, he published in 1838 the famous epic "Florante at Laura" which became the first Filipino literary piece.

He served as the houseboy of his aunt, who was impressed with his literary talent, and attended school until he graduated at age 24 with degrees in Crown Law, Spanish, Latin, Physics, Christian Doctrine, Humanities and Philosophy.




3

Today in Philippine History, April 3, 1939, Lino Brocka was born in Pilar, Sorsogon

(Posted Monday April 02, 2012 19:13:02)
Lino Broka

On April 3, 1939, Catalino Ortiz Brocka, better known as Lino Brocka, one of the greatest film directors of the Philippines and National Artist for Films (1997), was born in Pilar, Sorsogon.

He directed over 40 films and episodes in television, the most notable of which include: Macho Dancer (1988), Orapronobis (1989), and Gumapang Ka sa Lusak (1990).

Many of Brocka's films were also screened to international acclaim, including:




4

Today in Philippine History, April 4, 1868, Felipe Calderon was born in Santa Cruz de Malabon, Cavite

(Posted Tuesday April 03, 2012 19:56:21)

Felipe Calderon   
Felipe Calderon in 1900   
On April 4, 1868, Felipe Calderon, a lawyer, statesman, and known as the "Father of Malolos Constitution", was born in Santa Cruz de Malabon (now Tanza), Cavite to Don Jose Gonzales Calderon and Doña Manuela Roca.

Calderon was the author of the Malolos Constitution, which was enacted on January 20, 1899 by the Malolos Congress that established the First Philippine Republic.

The original was written in Spanish, which became the first official language of the Philippines.




5

Today in Philippine History, April 5, 1964, General Douglas MacArthur died in the Walter Reed Medical Center

(Posted Monday February 04, 2013 01:20:17)

General MacArthur's at a private memorial at the 7th regiment armory
(General MacArthur's casket during the memorial at the 7th regiment armory)
On April 5, 1964, General Douglas MacArthur died in the Walter Reed Medical Center, Washington DC, of biliary cirrhosis, early afternoon Sunday, 3:39am Manila time. The US President on April 6, ordered flags half-masted until the MacArthur funeral. In Manila, President Macapagal issued a proclamation declaring a period of mourning from April 6 to the day of the funeral.




5

Today in Philippine History, April 5, 1973, the Golden Buddha was seized by unidentified government agents

(Posted Wednesday April 04, 2012 20:25:34)

   Golden Buddha
   ( From the book Japanese and United States Plunder and intrigue by Rodney Stich )
(From the factual background of the Roger Roxas and the Golden Budha Corporation, a foreign corporation, plaintiffs-appellees/cross-appellants, v. Ferdinand E. Marcos and Imelda Marcos, defendants-appellants/cross-appellees, no. 20606 appeal from the first circuit court, Supreme Court of Hawaii, (civ. No. 88-0522-02), November 17, 1998.)

On April 5, 1973, the so-called Golden Buddha owned by Rogelio Roxas of Baguio City was seized by unidentified government agents.

Roxas worked as a locksmith in Baguio City. He was also an amateur coin collector and treasure hunter. In 1961, Roxas met a man named Fuchugami in Baguio City, who claimed that his father had been in the Japanese army and had drawn a map identifying the location of the legendary "Yamashita Treasure."

The treasure purportedly consisted of booty, which had been plundered from various Southeast Asian countries, during World War II, by Japanese troops under the command of General Tomoyuki Yamashita and which was allegedly buried in the Philippines during the final battle for the islands in order to keep it out of the hands of the Americans.




6

Today in Philippine History, April 6, 1828, the King of Spain issued a decree establishing a public bank in the Philippines

(Posted Thursday April 05, 2012 19:21:31)
Pesos Fuertes
(Pesos Fuertes)

On April 6, 1828, King of Spain, Ferdinand VII, issued a decree establishing a public bank in the Philippines to meet the requirements of increasing commerce and trade in the islands.

Presently known as Bank of the Philippine Islands, it is originally called El Banco Español Filipino de Isabel 2 named after Queen Isabela II, the daughter of King Ferdinand VII.




7

Today in Philippine History, April 7, 1871, Epifanio de los Santos was born in Malabon

(Posted Friday April 06, 2012 19:11:48)

   Epifanio de los Santos
   Epifanio de los Santos
On April 7, 1871, Epifanio de los Santos, nationalist, writer and scholar, lawyer, researcher, musician, politician, painter, among others, was born in Malabon Rizal, now a city of Metro Manila. His father was Escolastico de los Santos, an educated and wealthy hacendero. His mother was Antonina Cristobal, noted for her ability to play the piano and harp.

At only seven years old, he was sent to the Ateneo Municipal, a Jesuit boarding school in Manila, and later he graduated from the Dominican University of Santo Tomas as a licentiate in law. After his graduation he became private secretary to an important Spanish official whose position was somewhat similar to that of a solicitor-general.




8

Today in Philippine History, April 8, 1975, the Friendship Tower was inaugurated in Bagac, Bataan

(Posted Saturday April 07, 2012 22:00:18)

On April 8, 1975, a Friendship Tower symbolizing the restored friendship between the Philippines and Japan following World War II, was inaugurated in the municipality of Bagac on Bataan peninsula.

The peace monument is located about 200 meters (660 feet) from where the "Bataan Death March" of the World War II started. It is 27 meters (89 feet) in height and consists of three pillars encircled by rings.

Earlier, in April 1942, the Japanese invading troops at gunpoint forced some 76,000 American and Filipino prisoners of war to walk to San Fernando, Pampanga, some 120 kilometers northeast, then taken by rail further north to Capas, Tarlac, where they walked the final 13 kilometers to Camp O'Donnel.




9

Today in Philippine History, April 9, 1962, Kennedy sent Macapagal a message on Bataan day

(Posted Wednesday March 13, 2013 16:24:16)

United States President John F. Kennedy in 1962.
United States President John F. Kennedy in 1962 (Photo credit: www.biography.com).
On April 9, 1962, US President John F. Kennedy sent President Diosdado Macapagal a message on the occasion of Bataan day celebration.

Kennedy's message reads:




9

Today in Philippine History, April 9, 1942 General Edward King was forced to surrender to the Japanese

(Posted Sunday April 08, 2012 22:22:36)

   General Edward P.King
   Major General Edward P. King
At dawn of April 9, 1942, Major General Edward P. King, commander of the Bataan forces, was forced to surrender together with his men when the Filipino and American soldiers could no longer defend the Bataan peninsula from the invasion of Japanese troops.

The surrendered Filipino-American forces were forced at gunpoint to march under the tropical hot sun from Bataan to San Fernando, Pampanga, and then taken by rail to Camp O'Donnel in Tarlac. Those who could not make it because of physical weakness were shot or bayoneted to death.

The event was indeed so inhuman that it was called the "Death March" and marked the beginning of total Japanese Occupation of the Philippines during the Second World War.




10

Today in Philippine History, April 10, 1866, Isidoro Torres was born in Malolos, Bulacan

(Posted Monday April 09, 2012 21:21:17)

General Isidoro Torres in 1898   
General Isidoro Torres in 1898   
On April 10, 1866, General Isidoro Torres, a scion of prominent families in Bulacan who established many Katipunan chapters, was born in Malolos, Bulacan.

Better known as "Matang Lawin" in the revolutionary circle, Torres, along with other Katipuneros, organized a group called Sangguniang Lalawigang Balangay Apoy, a local chapter of the Katipunan in Bulacan.

He engaged in numerous battles and attained the rank of colonel when fighting raged around Biak-na-Bato.

In June 1897, General Emilio Aguinaldo appointed him Brigadier General upon the organization of military departmental zones in Central Luzon at Mt. Puray.