The Kahimyang Project

Filipino culture and arts, tradition, legends, tales and more


The Monkey and the Turtle - a Tagalog fable

(Posted Sunday August 20, 2017 16:31:49)
Monkey and the turtle

Once upon a time there was a turtle who was very kind and patient. He had many friends. Among them was a monkey, who was very selfish. He always wanted to have the best part of everything.




A September adventure of the mason, Pedro Gil, in the old city of Manila some 270 years ago

(Posted Thursday August 18, 2016 15:56:11)
A September adventure of the Mason,  Pedro Gil,  in the old city of Manila some 270 years ago

In the entresuelo of a house on calle Fonda in the walled city of Manila, there lived in the year 1745 a stonemason, or albalil, named Pedro Gil. He had been brought to Manila years before by the Franciscans, to help direct and aid in the building of their churches and conventos, and a meager remuneration kept him constantly in distressed circumstances. Like most Spaniards, he had married young. His spouse was a woman of buxom health, he therefore possessed the poor-man's wealth - a horde of ravenous children.




Story of Nabukyag, an Ifugao Hero

(Posted Tuesday June 21, 2016 17:43:19)
Nabukyag

During the early part of the American regime, when killing and head-hunting among the people of the Mountain Province was still the order of the day, there lived near Banaue, Ifugao, a man called Nabukyag who was greatly feared because of his extraordinary strength.




Direct translation of the complete text of Emilio Jacinto's "Kartilya ng Katipunan"

(Posted Friday May 06, 2016 23:13:48)
Kartilya Emilio Jacinto

(This is direct translation of the complete text of the Kartilya from Tagalog by Epifanio delos Santos)

Association of the Sons of the People

To those who may desire to affiliate with this Association.

In order that those who wish to join this Association may have a thorough knowledge of its purposes and of its existing regulations, it is necessary that these be published, to the end that they may not to-morrow or the day after repent, and.that they may perform their duties cheerfully.




Love of Country - a poem by Andres Bonifacio

(Posted Thursday May 05, 2016 22:41:37)
Andres Bonifacio Love of Country

(Translated from Tagalog by Epifanio delos Santos, its orignal title is "Pag-ibig sa Tinubuang Bayan")

Is there any love that is nobler Purer and more sublime Than the love of the native country? What love is? Certainly none.




12 Paintings and Pastel Drawings of Philippine Women

(Posted Sunday November 08, 2015 22:40:47)

This collection is the work of famous Filipino artists, Fernando Amorsolo, Pablo Amorsolo, Fabian dela Rosa, and I. L. Miranda. All of the 12 paintings and pastel drawings were made for the covers of Philippine Magazine from June 1928 to May 1929. Attractive as they are, they must not be taken as representing the best work of these painters.




The Ilocano Epic, "The Life of Lam-ang"

(Posted Tuesday August 25, 2015 18:31:56)
The Ilocano Epic, The Life of Lam-ang

Perhaps very few people other than Ilocanos (1) know that the first Filipino literary man to achieve more than national renown was Pedro Bukaneg, father of Ilocano literature and prince of Ilocano poets, who has been variously referred to by writers as a Moses, a Socrates, a Milton of the Philippines. This poet and philosopher was born towards the end of the sixteenth century. He is not nationally known now, his fame being confined to the Ilocos region, but during his lifetime and for many years after his death, his fame spread beyond the nation's boundaries, reaching even as far as Madrid and Rome. (2)

Perhaps even fewer people know that the Ilocanos have an epic which deserves a place beside Balagtas' "Florante and Laura", and a permanent place in our national literature. This poem is the "Life of Lam-ang", the only epic in the Ilocano language. Unfortunately for non-Ilocano and non-Spanish reading people, no translation of the poem in English or any of the native dialects exists. There are two Spanish translations, (3) both in prose: one (4) by Cecilio Apostol, and the other (5) by Isabelo de los Reyes.




Rajah Indara Patra and the Dragons - A Mindanao Legend

(Posted Wednesday July 15, 2015 14:37:33)
Rajah Indara Patra and the Dragons

A very, very long time ago, when the island of Mindanao was but newly sprung from the sea, a pair of gigantic dragons lived there - Omaka-an and his mate Maka-ogis. For a time they roamed over the entire island, but finally they settled in the region about Lake Lanao.

Omaka-an established one lair in the Gurayen mountain range in the northwest, and another in the Makaturing range in the southeast. They had another haunt on Mount Matutum in Cotabato. So big were these monsters that when they slept they used the summits of the mountain ridges for beds. When they wanted to fish in Illana Bay to the south, they had only to stretch out their monstrous limbs and scoop up water and fish with their great claws.

These dragons had a taste for human flesh and devoured those people who were daring enough to attempt to settle in Lanao. A very few did settle in the country, but had to hide in caves and trees, and Allah took pity on them and changed them into sprites. Reports of the cannibalistic monsters spread far and wide and reached even Mecca.




Añgalo and Aran, Adam and Eve of the Ilocanos

(Posted Monday November 10, 2014 13:57:42)

   Añgalo and Aran, Adam and Eve of the Ilocanos
With the possible exception of Lam-ang and Kannoyan, hero and heroine of the Ilocano epic "Life of Lam-ang", perhaps there are no more famous characters in Ilocano saga than Añgalo and Aran, cyclopean beings who, according to some Ilocano myths, were the first beings on earth.

Añgalo and Aran, Ilocano popular beliefs say, lived before the creation of the sky, the sea, the land, and, for that matter, man. They were beings, with human form, of formidable proportions. They are believed to be the biggest giants in legend. Añgalo's head reached the heavens, and he could make the distance between Manila and Vigan in one step. The earth trembled when he walked, and he could be heard throughout the world when he spoke or laughed.




Stars of Philippine Cinema's Golden Age

(Posted Monday July 21, 2014 00:19:22)

   Anak Dalita
The 50s may be considered one "Golden Age" for the Filipino film because cinematic artistic breakthrough was achieved in that decade. Awards were first instituted in this era. The Manila Times Publishing Company set up the Maria Clara Awards in 1950. In 1952, the FAMAS (Filipino Academy of Movie Arts and Sciences) Awards were handed out. More so, Filipino films started garnering awards in international film festivals. One such honor was bestowed on Manuel Conde's immortal movie Genghis Khan (1952) when it was accepted for screening at the Venice Film Festival. Other honors include awards for movies like Gerardo de Leon’s Ifugao (1954) and Lamberto Avellana’s Anak Dalita. These awards also had the effect of finally garnering for Filipino films their share of attention from fellow Filipinos.




Datu Sumakuel and His Unfaithful Wife, Kapinañgan

(Posted Monday June 16, 2014 14:31:59)

   Datu Sumakuel and His Unfaithful Wife, Kapinañgan
Before settling in Hantic as paramount Datu of Madia-as or Panay, Datu Sumakuel explored the mountain region back of Oton and Tigbalang, and with him went the priest of Borneo named Bagot-banua who bore the name of being a soothsayer. During his absence, the settlement at Malandug was under the rule of his sacop, Gorong-gorong. The wife of the Datu, Kapinañgan, was young and giddy, and, as a consequence, the treacherous Gorong-gorong became in love with her. She returned this love, but the facts in the case remained a secret between themselves, for the settlers and slaves were busily engaged in the clearing of lands, and the laying up of supplies of dried fish, roots, and tubers, as well as the dried meat of the game which abounded close to the settlement.




The Legend of Maypajo

(Posted Monday June 16, 2014 01:16:37)

   The Legend of Maypajo

North of the city of Manila lies Maypajo, a small barrio under the jurisdiction of the municipality (now city) of Caloocan. It was notorious in the past for its tulisanes who waylaid travelers between Manila and points north, and historically it was famous as the scene of many skirmishes between the Filipino insurgents and the Spaniards in the Revolt of 1896.

Connected with the name of this village - Maypajo - is a tragic tale of a mother and daughter, which, as told by an old man of the place, Lolo Martin, runs as follows:




The Heroine of the Ilocano Epic, "The Life of Lam-ang"

(Posted Tuesday May 27, 2014 02:32:15)

   The Heroine of the Ilocano Epic, 'The Life of Lam-ang'
  
ABOUT the life of Ines Kannoyan, heroine of the Ilocano epic, "The Life of Lam-ang", not much is given in the poem itself. Her story is embodied in the numerous tales which the old people of the region still love to tell (1).

According to the epic, Kannoyan, paragon of all the Ilocano virtues, was born in the town of Kalanutian (2) in northern Ilocos. It is said that Kalanutian was then a big town inhabited by Itnegs (3) and some Christian Ilocanos. Today it is a small barrio of the municipality of Sinait, inhabited by scarcely a hundred people. Nothing remains of the ancient town except its name and the supposed tomb of Kannoyan on a hill called Bantay Dayawen (4), about half a kilometer north of the barrio.




Ifugao Love Potions And Charms

(Posted Monday May 12, 2014 12:08:18)
Ifugao Love Potions And Charms

LOVE charms have been believed in among all peoples, and are believed in today. Especially prevalent is this belief among the Orientals. The Ifugaos of the Mountain Province are no exception, and their love potions and charms are most curious and interesting.

The Ifugaos are a superstitious people. It is to be noted, however, that among the supposedly enlightened ancients, belief in love charms was also prevalent. Ovid made mention of them. And the Roman Lucullus was said to have been a victim of a concoction which was, besides being highly aphrodisiac, poisonous.