The Kahimyang Project

Significant daily events in December in Philippine history


1

Today in Philippine History, December 1, 1959, Jose Nepomuceno died at the age of 66

(Posted Thursday December 01, 2011 13:31:11)

Jose Nepomuceno   
Jose Nepomuceno   
On December 1, 1959, Jose Nepomuceno, the so-called Father of Philippine Movies, died at the age of 66. Born on May 15,1893, his well-off family lived near a theatre, Teatro Oriente, which he frequented during his adolescence and where he watched Spanish dramas (zarzuelas) and, later, European films.

In 1915, Jose and his brother Jesus opened a photography store. They mastered the craft and rose to prominence in Manila during their time




1

Today in Philippine History, December 1, 1874, Luis Maria Guerrero was born in Ermita, Manila

(Posted Tuesday November 27, 2012 15:40:53)

Luis Maria Guerrero   
Dr. Luis Maria Guerrero   
On December 1, 1874, Luis Maria Guerrero, a Bacteriologist, Pediatrician, and Helminthologist was born in Ermita, Manila to Brigido Guerrero and Maria Alvarez.  Guerrero, a professor in Clinical Pediatrics at the University of Santo Tomas and later as head of that department, was also an uncontested authority in Tropical Medicine.

Dr. Guerrero possessed an amazingly keen memory and a pair of clinical eyes which aided him in making a snap diagnosis of patients, rarely using a stethoscope. His diagnostic ability was legendary for he oftentimes could visualize what many physicians failed to recognize. His unusually sharp sense of perception was a distinguishing mark through which he had achieved fame.




1

Today in Philippine history, December 1, 1870, Jose Alejandrino was born in Binondo, Manila

(Posted Thursday September 19, 2013 00:40:39)

   Jose Alejandrino
   General Jose Alejandrino in old age.
On December 1, 1870, Jose Alejandrino was born to a wealthy couple from Arayat, Pampanga in Binondo, Manila. Alejandrino was a Filipno engineer and a general in the revolutionary army of General Emilio Aguinaldo.

General Alejandrino obtained his education initially at the Ateneo Municipal and thereafter, at the University of Santo Tomas where he acquired a Bachelor of Arts degree. He pursued his studies in Spain and at the University of Ghent in Belgium, where he distinguished himself and brought honor to his country through his superior academic performance. Edilberto Evangelista, another Filipino engineer who also served in the revolutionary army, was his schoolmate in Ghent. In July 1895, he graduated with a degree in Chemical Engineering.




2

Today in Philippine History, December 2, 1899, the Battle of Tirad Pass took place

(Posted Friday December 02, 2011 01:21:51)
General Gregorio Del Pilar
(Gregorio del Pilar and his troops, around 1898)

On December 2, 1899, the Battle of Tirad Pass between 60 Filipino soldiers under General Gregorio del Pilar and more than 300 American soldiers under General Peyton C. March took place.




3

Today in Philippine History, December 3, 1574, Limahong left Manila for Pangasinan, established Kingdom near the of mouth Agno river

(Posted Saturday December 03, 2011 03:06:20)
   Li-ma-hong (Limahong)
   An artist illustration of Limahong (Photo credit: watawat.net).

On December 3, 1574, Limahong and his bandits left Manila for Pangasinan and established a kingdom near the mouth of Agno River.

Limahong a notorious Chinese pirate and warlord who invaded the northern Philippine Islands in 1574, announced to the people that he had conquered the Spaniards and that he had come to rule over them as their king.

Near the mouth of the Agno River, about four miles from the sea, he built a fort consisting of an outer palisade of palm logs, and an inner enclosure of palm planks which sheltered his palace.




3

Today in Philippine History, December 3, 1957, the first milk processing Plant in the country was inaugurated

(Posted Friday November 30, 2012 15:30:22)

   Liberty Milk ad in the late 1950's
   (Liberty Milk ad in the late 1950's)
On December 3, 1957, the first milk processing plant in the country was inaugurated. Located in Highway 54 (present day EDSA) in Mandaluyong Rizal (now Mandaluyong City, Metro Manila), the Liberty Milk plant was a subsidiary of General Milk which, at that time, operated 18 processing plants and 10 can factories in 12 countries. The plant was also the first in the Far East.




3

Today in Philippine History, December 3, 1593, Luis Perez Dasmariñas became governor-general

(Posted Friday November 30, 2012 17:07:53)

   Luis Perez Dasmariñas
   (Governor general Luis Perez Dasmariñas, from painting exhibited at St. Louis, 1904, in the Philippine exhibit of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition)
On December 3, 1593, Luis Perez Dasmariñas became governor-general ad interim by virtue of the appointment of his father Gomez Perez Dasmariñas. He was knight of Order of Alcantara.

Earlier, in an expedition to the Moluccas which set sail on October of 1593, the old governor-general Gomez Perez Dasmariñas was killed by Chinese crew who mutinied. In the papers from the dead body of the governor was found an express wish that his son be his successor. Luis Perez was accordingly appointed to the office and became Governor-General.




4

Today in Philippine History, December 4, 1594, Msgr. Domingo de Salazar died‏

(Posted Sunday December 04, 2011 04:23:42)

Domingo de Salazar   
Domingo de Salazar in 1581, first bishop of Manila.   
On December 4, 1594, Msgr. Domingo de Salazar, the archbishop who initiated the construction of the Manila Cathedral within the walled city of Intramuros, died. His death came before the cathedral was completed.

Msgr. Salazar, was known for defending the Filipinos against the "encomenderos", also helped in the building of the church of the Dominicans as well as the hospital for the Filipinos and the College of Santa Potenciana.




4

Today in Philippine history, December 4, 2009, Maguindanao province was placed under Martial Law

(Posted Monday January 23, 2017 13:15:14)
Maguindanao massacre

On December 4, 2009, in the wake of the Maguindanao massacre, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo placed Maguindanao province under a state of martial law, through Proclamation No. 1959. The declaration also suspended the writ of habeas corpus in the province.




5

Today in Philippine History, December 5, 1837, the first postal service in the Philippines, established by a royal decree 70 years earlier, was reorganized

(Posted Monday December 05, 2011 03:28:13)

Stamp featuring the sampaguita flower   
The 3 cents Sampaguita postage stamp issued on Flower Day, December 8, 1948 (Photo credit: Philippine Republic Stamps).   
On December 5, 1837, the first postal service in the Philippines, established by a royal decree in 1767, 70 years earlier, was reorganized. A year later, Manila became known as a leading center of postal services within Asia.

Upon its creation in 1767, the first post office was established in the city of Manila, serving mainly to courier government and church documents. It was later organized under a new postal district of Spain, encompassing Manila and the entire Philippine archipelago, in 1779.




5

Today in Philippine History, December 5, 1573, Martin Enriquez wrote the King of the arrival of ships in New Spain from the Philippines

(Posted Sunday December 02, 2012 13:11:58)

On December 5, 1573, Martin Enriquez, viceroy of New Spain, wrote King Felipe II, announcing the arrival of ships with dispatches from the Philippines. With them was the Augustinian friar Diego de Herrera, who was on his way to Spain to inform the king of the violence and injustice which were being committed in the islands specially by soldiers who received no pay and maintained themselves by raids on the native villages.




6

Today in Philippine History, December 6, 1896, the trial of Dr. Jose Rizal by a Spanish military court for sedition, rebellion and conspiracy, began

(Posted Tuesday December 06, 2011 02:18:57)

Jose Rizal
On December 6, 1896, the trial of Dr. Jose Rizal by a Spanish military court for sedition, rebellion and conspiracy, began. This leads to his execution and martyrdom.

Rizal, who was imprisoned first in Barcelona and later in Fort Santiago, was implicated in the revolution which was launched in August 1896 by the Katipunan led by Andres Bonifacio, whose aim was to liberate the country from Spanish colonization.

At the time of his arrest, Rizal was supposed to leave for Cuba after he was allowed by Spanish Governor-General Ramon Blanco, who was sympathetic to him, to serve as a military surgeon in Cuba, where there was also a revolution against Spain.




6

Today in Philippine History, December 6, 1956, the US delivered to the Philippines all title and title claims to land held by the US bases

(Posted Saturday December 01, 2012 15:58:29)

President Ramon Magsaysay   
President Ramon Magsaysay (Photo credit: Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation).   
On December 6, 1956, at ceremonies in Malacañang, the United States government delivered to the Philippine government all title papers and title claims to land in the United States base areas held by the United States, the total comprising an area of 199,570 hectares, in accordance with the United States commitment in the joint statement issued by President Ramon Magsaysay and Vice President Richard Nixon on July 3, 1956.




7

Today in Philippie History, December 7, 1830, Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista, lawyer and Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo’s confidante, was born in Biñan, Laguna

(Posted Wednesday December 07, 2011 01:38:09)

   Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista
   Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista (Photo credit: http://xiaochua.net/).
On December 7, 1830, Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista, lawyer and General Emilio Aguinaldo’s confidante, was born in Biñan, Laguna.

Bautista, who was arrested and jailed at the outbreak of the Revolution, was the one who authored the "Act of Declaration of Philippine Independence". He was also the one who read the declaration during the June 12, 1898 Independence proclamation by General Aguinaldo in Kawit, Cavite.