The Kahimyang Project

Significant moments in ancient and recent Philippine history


America's interference in the Philippine elections of 1946, the triumph of MacArthur's candidate Roxas over Osmeña

(Posted Tuesday July 04, 2017 11:46:31)
Manuel Roxas and General Douglas MacArthur
(General Douglas MacArthur (right) greets President Manuel Roxas on his arrival in Manila for the Independence Ceremonies, July 1946)

With the death of President Manuel Quezon in New York in 1944, General Douglas MacArthur found himself saddled with a Commonwealth President he did not want, as his eyes were on Manuel Roxas.




A 1986 article: Evaluations, prognosis, excuses after Cory's first 100 days

(Posted Thursday February 23, 2017 00:47:05)
Cory's 100 days

When President Corazon Aquino's first 100 days in office have passed, and, in a Pravda article, Philippines Minister of Information Raul Locsin and presidential spokesman Rene Saguisag offered their evaluations.




The return of First Lady Imelda Marcos in 1991 and the tax fraud charges against her

(Posted Wednesday January 18, 2017 15:26:02)
Imelda Marcos returns
(First Lady Imelda Marcos as she arrive in Manila in 1991)

On Monday, November 4, 1991, Imelda Marcos set foot on Philippine soil again after 5 years of exile in Hawaii. She has left behind the still-unburied body of her husband, President Ferdinand Marcos, who died in Hawaii in September 1989. She was greeted with tight security as she arrived. Manila residents welcomed her as she drove to a church to pray. People in the crowd held signs that read, "Imelda, We Love You!" and "The Hidden Wealth of Marcos is Found Only in the Heart of His People."




The conspirators of the many assassination attempts on President Marcos

(Posted Wednesday December 28, 2016 15:13:59)
President Marcos and Pope John Paul II

In his 1981 book Progress and Martial Law, President Ferdinand Marcos enumerated eight assassination attempts against him in 1972 alone, the first seven of them being from February 13 to August, the eighth undated.




The trip of Ninoy Aquino to America - the destabilization of Marcos government

(Posted Thursday December 15, 2016 12:19:02)
Aquino in America

President Marcos approved Ninoy's trip to America on May 8, 1980, with the First Lady facilitating it. On May 7, two days after doctors at the Philippine Heart Center for Asia diagnosed his ailment, Ninoy sought the President's permission to leave for America for medical treatment. At the time, Ninoy's mother, Doña Aurora, had a petition for habeas corpus pending with the Supreme Court. President Marcos, therefore, had to endorse Ninoy's request to the High Tribunal. The Court immediately acted on the endorsement, giving the request its imprimatur the following day.




Address of President Ferdinand Marcos on the Manila Summit Conference of 1966

(Posted Thursday November 17, 2016 15:18:43)

Delivered at the Congress, October 24, 1966 on the opening day of the Manila Summit Conference

As chairman of the Manila Summit Conference of 1966, it is my pleasure to assume this position by the unanimous consent and approval of the members of this conference.




President Duterte's historic, mind-boggling break from the past

(Posted Monday October 24, 2016 11:06:34)
Little brown brother
(A cartoon from a US magazine in 1905: #PDU30 hates it)

If President Duterte completes his term, and I think he will, and if he doesn't change his view of the world and our place in it, and I don't think he will, scholars of the future will divide modern Philippine history as the "before Duterte" (BD) and "after-Duterte" (AD) periods.




Speech of Babaylan Tamblot at the beginning of a battle in the mountains of Bohol

(Posted Thursday September 15, 2016 11:12:55)
Babaylan Tamblot
(An artist concept of Babaylan Tamblot)

(From an exhortation of Babaylan Tamblot of an early uprising against government and church (Jesuit parish priests) abuses and exactions, at the beginning of a battle in the mountains of Bohol, January 2, 1622. The attacking forces were also Filipinos and of equal numbers, a thousand fighting men on either side, so the sixteen Spaniards with firearms were the deciding factor, but the effect of the rain was obviated by the Spaniards' allies holding their shields, like umbrellas, over the Spanish guns.)




The Americanization of "Las Islas Filipinas"

(Posted Sunday September 11, 2016 11:37:22)
Las Islas Filipinas

When US Commodore George Dewey and his naval fleet sailed into Manila Bay on May 1, 1898, and subsequently destroyed the Spanish fleet, he entered a country that was collectively known as "Las Islas Filipinas" (the Philippine Islands in English), whose inhabitants were called "Filipinos".




Corazon Aquino's politics of hatred and vengeance

(Posted Tuesday September 06, 2016 13:03:44)
Cory Aquino

Cory Aquino had used the term "reconciliation" so much, people began to believe in its possibility. But the reconciliation she had in mind did not quite fit its dictionary meaning. It was peculiar in that it would be pursued strictly on her terms.




Rewriting the past and the future - the economic destiny of the Filipino people

(Posted Thursday September 01, 2016 10:59:56)
Bataan nuclear power plant
(The Bataan Nuclear Power Plant)

A militant group wants to rewrite Philippine history by declaring Andres Bonifacio as the first President of the Republic, in place of General Emilio Aguinaldo. The sentiment is apparently fueled by a deep rereading of Philippine history - lately reinforced by two highly successful films in which Bonifacio and General Antonio Luna are killed - the first in Maragondon, Cavite on May 10, 1897, the second in Cabanatuan on June 5, 1899 - after incurring Aguinaldo's wrath.




President Ferdinand Marcos's republican principles

(Posted Sunday August 28, 2016 11:17:34)
Marcos republican principles

In a speech delivered to the National Defense College on July 18, 1985, President Marcos declared that "National leadership is composed of men who do not run away ... do not just take a plane and go off to Miami or run off to another place and give up power. The leadership of your country is not made of such weak stock. We will defend our principles to the death. Our articles of faith are known, and we will defend them to the last breath of life."




Hero or villain - how well do you know Ninoy Aquino?

(Posted Friday August 26, 2016 11:39:30)
Ninoy Aquino

At this stage in our nation's fictionalized history, former President Ferdinand E. Marcos is commonly perceived to be a villain, while Ninoy Aquino is worshiped as a national hero.




The fall of President Marcos and the myth that the "victory of Cory Aquino" was a victory for democracy

(Posted Tuesday August 23, 2016 11:04:09)
The fall of President Marcos

Of all the strategic developments in Asia in 1986, none were comparable to the transformation of the Philippines. The "democratic rise" of Corazon Aquino, the U.S. news media's characterization, belies the actual story of who put Aquino into power, and how.