The Kahimyang Project

Significant daily events in January in Philippine history


1

Today in Philippine History, January 1, 1892, Manuel Roxas was born in Capiz

(Posted Friday November 23, 2012 23:23:40)

Manual Acuña  Roxas   
Manuel Acuña Roxas   
On January 1, 1892, Manuel Acuña Roxas was born in Capiz to Gerardo Roxas, Sr. and Rosario Acuña. His father Gerardo died before he was born. Gerardo was mortally wounded by the Spanish guardias civiles the year before, leaving him and his older brother Mamerto to be raised by their mother and by their maternal grandfather, Don Eleuterio.

Manuel Roxas was the first president of the independent Third Republic of the Philippines and fifth president overall. He served as president from the granting of Philippine independence in 1946 until his abrupt death in 1948.




1

Today in Philippine History, January 1, 1899, General Lukban called on the citizens of Samar and Leyte to stand united

(Posted Monday November 26, 2012 13:54:00)

   General Vicente Lukban
   General Vicente Lukban (Photo credit: lukban.org
On January 1, 1899, General Vicente Lukban issued a long proclamation addressed to the citizens of Samar and Leyte, calling on them to stand united and to live in peace under the protection of the new-born Republic following the virtual evacuation of the Spaniards.

Although little or no fighting occurred between the natives and the Spaniards, the withdrawal of the Spaniards made for the occassion for an open control of the area by the revolutionary authorities. Troops from Luzon were sent to Samar and Leyte area and General Lukban was charged with the affairs.




1

Today in Philippine History, January 1, 1906, English became official language of the Philippines

(Posted Sunday December 30, 2012 23:00:18)

   English became official language
On January 1, 1906, by virtue of Philippine Commission Act No. 1123 of April 1904, the official language of the Philippines became English. It was used in court proceedings and no person was eligible for government service who did not know the language.




2

Today in Philippine History, January 2, 1899, Apolinario Mabini was designated Secretary of Foreign Relations

(Posted Sunday January 01, 2012 20:57:21)

   Apolinario Mabini
   Apolinario Mabini
On January 2, 1899, when the Council of Government was created, Apolinario Mabini was designated President or Chairman of the Council and at the same time was designated to hold the post of Secretary of Foreign Relations in concurrent capacity.




2

Today in Philippine History, January 2, 1962, Kennedy congratulated Macapagal on his election

(Posted Wednesday December 26, 2012 03:50:41)

Diosdado Macapagal takes his oath of office as President in 1961.
Diosdado Macapagal takes his oath of office as President of the Philippines in 1961.
On Janauary 2, 1962, the United States Information Service released a message from President John Kennedy to President Diosdado Macapagal, dated December 30, 1961, offering him on behalf of the people of the United States, the warmest congratulations on his election, and stating that "the spirit of all who love liberty are encouraged by the unwavering devotion of the people of the Philippines to their democratic heritage".

US Secretary of State Dean Rusk at the same time sent his congratulations to Vice-President Emmanuel Pelaez.




3

Today in Philippine History, January 3, 1949, the Central Bank of the Philippines was inaugurated

(Posted Saturday December 08, 2012 22:10:19)

Central Bank of the Philippines seal of 1949-1978   
Central Bank of the Philippines seal of 1949-1978.   
On January 3, 1949, the Central Bank of the Philippines was inaugurated with Miguel Cuaderno, Sr. as the first governor. The main duties and responsibilities of the Central Bank were to promote economic development and maintain internal and external monetary stability.

Shortly after President Manuel Roxas assumed office in 1946, Finance Secretary Miguel Cuaderno, Sr. was instructed to draw up a charter for a central bank. The establishment of a monetary authority became imperative a year later as a result of the findings of the Joint Philippine-American Finance Commission chaired by Cuaderno. The Commission, which studied Philippine financial, monetary, and fiscal problems in 1947, recommended a shift from the dollar exchange standard to a managed currency system. A central bank was necessary to implement the proposed shift to the new system.




3

Today in Philippine History, January 3, 1749, Sultan Alim Ud Din, arrived in Manila to convert to Christian faith

(Posted Friday December 14, 2012 18:21:40)
Sulu boat

On January 3, 1749, Sultan Alim Ud Din, arrived in Manila from Zamboanga who was received with all the honor due to a Prince. A house of entertainment of 70 persons were prepared in Binondo. Triumphal arches were erected across the streets which were lined with over 2000 native militia under arms. The Sultan was received publicly in the hall of the Audencia where the governor promised to lay his case before the King.




4

Today in Philippine History, January 4, 1897, 11 of the 15 Bicol Martyrs were executed in Bagumbayan

(Posted Tuesday November 27, 2012 17:56:28)
15 Bicol Martyrs

On January 4, 1897, 11 of the 15 Bicol Martyrs were executed in Bagumbayan (present day Luneta park) five days after Dr. Jose Rizal was shot to death in the same place on December 30, 1896.

The 15 Bicolanos, most of them masons, were among the first victims of Spanish cruelty under Governor-General Camilo G. de Polavieja's administration which became extremely merciless against those it considered as traitors to Spain. Of the 15 martyrs, four died earlier while in exile or in prison.




5

Today in Philippine History, January 5, 1899, Aguinaldo issued counter-proclamation to the "Benevolent assimilation declaration"

(Posted Saturday December 08, 2012 18:58:37)

   General Emilio Aguinaldo
   General Emilio Aguinaldo
On January 5, 1899, General Emilio Aguinaldo issued manifestos declaring his opposition to the "benevolent assimilation declaration" of US President McKinley. Aguinaldo declared that "I protest 1001 times with all the energy of my soul against such authority. I solemnly declare that neither in Singapore, Hongkong, nor here in the Philippines did I ever agree, by word or in writing, to recognize the sovereignty of America in this our lovely country".

Aguinaldo issued the declaration after General Otis issued his edited version of the "Benevolent assimilation declaration" in which the American general mentioned that Aguinaldo called him (Otis) the "Military Governor of the Philippine Islands".




6

Today in Philippine History, January 6, 1812, Tandang Sora was born in Balintawak

(Posted Friday January 06, 2012 03:18:47)

Melchora Aquino de Ramos AKA Tandang Sora   
Melchora Aquino de Ramos (Tandang Sora)   
On January 6, 1812, Melchora Aquino de Ramos, who became known as "Tandang Sora", was born in Balintawak.

It can be recalled that despite her old age, Tandang Sora opened her doors to Katipuneros who risked their lives during the revolution. Tandang Sora was already 84 at the time when secret meetings of the Katipuneros led by Andres Bonifacio were held at her house.

She kept the spirits of the Katipuneros alive by providing them with food, clothing and shelter.




6

Today in Philippine History, January 6, 1927, Martin Ocampo, once a Guam deportee, died at San Juan de Dios Hospital

(Posted Tuesday January 01, 2013 02:03:38)
Martin Ocampo
(Martin Ocampo (left), Teodoro M. Kalaw (right) and lawyer Felipe Agoncillo who represented the paper in the Worcester libel case.)

On January 6, 1927, Martin Ocampo, once a Guam deportee, died at San Juan de Dios Hospital. Ocampo was a prominent part in founding Philippine journalism through his position as manager and publisher of El Renacimiento and La Vanguardia.

El Renacimiento started publication on September 3, 1901 up to January 17, 1910 when it was closed with the execution of the famous Worcester libel case. La Vanguardia started publication when El Renacimiento closed down. It was later acquired by Alejandro Roces and converted into an independent newspaper with Pedro Anuario writing the editorials and a daughter of Ocampo on the staff.




7

Today in Philippine History, January 7, 1901 MacArthur ordered the deportation of leaders of the Revolution to Guam

(Posted Saturday January 07, 2012 00:43:42)

   General Arthur MacArthur, Jr.
   General Arthur MacArthur, Jr.
On January 7, 1901, Major General Arthur MacArthur Jr. ordered the deportation to the island of Guam a number of politicians and leaders of the Revolution led by Filipino hero Apolinario Mabini.

Mabini, the "Brains of the Revolution" who served as chief adviser of General Emilio Aguinaldo, was exiled for aiding and supporting the guerrilla war against the Americans and the cause of the Philippine Independence.




8

Today in Philippine History, January 8, 1851, Severino de las Alas was born in Indang, Cavite

(Posted Saturday January 07, 2012 21:44:46)

   Severino de las Alas
   Severino delas Alas (Photo credit: Dince's Chronicles)
On January 8, 1851, Severino de las Alas, one of the more prominent signatories of the Biak-na-Bato Constitution, was born in Indang, Cavite.

The Biak-na-Bato Constitution, a replica of the Cuban Constitution signed on November 1,1897, called for the separation of the Philippines from the Spanish monarchy.

During the Philippine Revolution, General Emilio Aguinaldo retreated to Biak-na-Bato, San Miguel de Mayumo, Bulacan and established a republican government known as the Biak-na-Bato Republic.




9

Today in Philippine History, January 9, 1945, General MacArthur landed at Bonuan in Lingayen, Pangasinan

(Posted Sunday January 08, 2012 23:05:05)

MacArthur landing in  Lingayen Gulf in Pagasinan
The MacArthur landing in Lingayen Gulf in Pagasinan (Photo credit: Travel Outcrop).
On January 9, 1945, the United States Army under General Douglas MacArthur landed at Bonuan (Blue Beach) in Lingayen, Pangasinan near Dagupan, which liberation forces fanned out without resistance to Central Luzon.

MacArthur's forces unexpectedly landed at Lingayen Gulf which took the enemy by surprise, which the Japanese could not offer stiff resistance, particularly because the number of their airplanes had dwindled.