Significant daily events in June in Philippine history

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Today in Philippine History, June 1, 1649, Miguel Ponce Barberan was killed by Sumuroy marking the beginning of the Palapag rebellion

Posted Thursday May 31, 2012 16:37:03
Sumuroy killed Father Barberan marked start of Palapag rebellion June 1, 1649

On Tuesday, June 1, 1649, Father Miguel Ponce Barberan was killed by Sumuroy by hurling a javelin (lance) at him, killing the priest instantly. This event marked the beginning of the uprising of the men of Palapag (in the present day province of Northern Samar).


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2

Today in Philippine History, June 2, 1899, the Malolos Congress declared war on the United States

Posted Friday June 01, 2012 17:13:12
Opening of the Malolos Congress on September 15, 1898
(Opening of the Malolos Congress on September 15, 1898)

On June 2, 1899, the Malolos Congress declared war on the United States, with its President, Pedro Paterno, issuing a Proclamation of War.

Prior to this proclamation, several battles had already occurred between the Filipino and American forces.

Accordingly, this phase of the Philippine–American War, also known as the Philippine War of Independence or the Philippine Insurrection (1899– 1902) was an armed military conflict between the Philippines and the United States which arose from the struggle of the First Philippine Republic to gain independence following annexation by the United States.


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3

Today in Philippine History, June 3, 1876, Jose Palma was born in Tondo, Manila

Posted Saturday June 02, 2012 16:23:50

   Jose Palma
   Jose Palma
On June 3, 1876, Jose Palma, famous poet who wrote the lyrics of the Philippine national anthem, was born in Tondo, Manila. He was the youngest child of Don Hermogenes Palma and Hilaria Velasquez.

Palma continued his studies at the Ateneo Municipal after he finished his primera enseñanza in Tondo. It was while in Ateneo when he started composing verses. One of his earliest works was "La cruz de Sampaguitas" which he composed in 1893, the same year when he fell in love with Florentina Arellano. Their relationship, however, was cut short by the girl's parents who did not approve of him.


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3

Today in Philippine history, June 3, 1863, a strong earthquake rocked Manila

Posted Tuesday July 07, 2015 23:06:06
On June 3, 1863, a strong earthquake rocked Manila
(An artist's impression of Manila Cathedral following the June 3, 1863 earthquake.)

On June 3, 1863, at thirty-one minutes past seven in the evening, after a day of tremendous heat while all Manila was busy in its preparations for the festival of Corpus Christi, the ground suddenly rocked to and fro with great violence. The firmest buildings reeled visibly, walls crumbled, and beams snapped in two. The dreadful shock lasted half a minute; but this little interval was enough to change the whole town into a mass of ruins, and to bury alive hundreds of its inhabitants.

Dr. Pedro Pablo Pelaez, in temporary charge of the diocese and dying in the cathedral, was the foremost Filipino victim. Pelaez and several others were celebrating the rites of Corpus Christi at the Cathedral when the earthquake destroyed the roof of the edifice and buried them under the debris which took days to clear. Pelaez' corps was found later beside a friend under the debris of the Cathedral.


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3

Today in Philippine history, June 3, 1568, Andres de Urdaneta, pilot of the Legazpi expedition and prelate of the Filipinas died in Mexico

Posted Sunday February 21, 2016 18:00:20
Andres de Urdaneta
(Friar Andres de Urdaneta)

On June 3, 1568, Andres de Urdaneta who accompanied Miguel Lopez de Legazpi in the expedition to the Filipinas died in the City of Mexico, Mexico at the age of 70. Urdaneta acted as pilot of this expedition and was later appointed prelate of the Filipinas islands with the title "Protector of the Indians".


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4

Today in Philippine History, June 4, 1565, the Peace Treaty of Cebu was signed

Posted Sunday June 03, 2012 16:48:39

On June 4, 1565, the peace treaty of Cebu between Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, representing King Philip II of Spain, and Rajah Tupas of Cebu was signed. It is the first Philippine peace treaty which effectively created Spain's suzerain over Cebu.

Rajah Tupaz was the son of Sri Parang the Limp, and the nephew of Rajah Humabon (also known as Sri Hamabar). He is known to have been baptized on March 21, 1568 at age 70, placing his birthdate at about 1497.

He ruled Cebu with his peers until he was defeated by Miguel Lopez de Legazpi's soldiers on April 27, 1565.


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5

Today in Philippine History, June 5, 1754, a Real Cedula providing compulsory teaching of Spanish was received in the Philippines

Posted Monday June 04, 2012 21:40:19

On June 5, 1754, a Real Cedula (Royal Decree) of King Ferdinand VI of Spain, providing for the compulsory teaching of Spanish in all schools for boys and girls, was received in the Philippines.

Spanish language is among the lasting legacies of Spain to the Filipinos, which linguistic authorities said has enriched the national language called Pilipino with at least 5,000 Spanish loan-words.


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5

Today in Philippine history, June 5, 1899, General Antonio Luna was killed by Aguinaldo's men in Cabanatuan

Posted Monday June 02, 2014 11:32:42
Antonio Luna and Emilio Aguinaldo

On June 5, 1899, General Antonio Luna was killed in the plaza of a rectory in Cabanatuan, Nueva Ecija. Luna was to attend a council of war called by General Emilio Aguinaldo.

Luna arrived with two aides-de camp and a mounted escort of twelve men. After dismounting and dismissing his escort, he proceeded alone to the rectory where Aguinaldo had his headquarters. On mounting the stairs, he was met by a junior officer, who informed him that Aguinaldo had left with his command. Luna felt slighted and expressed himself very strongly on the matter and prepared to take his departure. As he turned to leave the room, a sergeant of one of the two companies that Aguinaldo had left at Cabanatuan, sprang from behind the door, where he had been concealed, and attacked Luna from behind, inflicting a severe wound with a bolo.


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6

Today in Philippine History, June 6, 1875, Norberto Romualdez Sr. was born

Posted Tuesday June 05, 2012 16:40:34

Norberto Romualdez Sr   
Norberto Romualdez Sr.   
On June 6, 1875, Norberto Romualdez Sr., Leyte's favorite son and delegate to the first constitutional convention, was born in Burauen, Leyte. He was the brother of Vicente Orestes Romualdez, the father of Imelda Romualdez Marcos.

Romualdez was one of the "Seven Wise Men" who drafted the 1935 Constitution for the Philippine Commonwealth.

He finished his Bachelor of Arts with honors at the Ateneo Municipal de Manila in 1895 and earned his title of Maestro de Segunda Ensenanza (high school teacher) at the University of Santo Tomas before the outbreak of the Philippine Revolution.

He studied law during the American Occupation and passed the Bar in 1903.


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7

Today in Philippine History, June 7, 1907, Arturo Belleza Rotor was born

Posted Wednesday June 06, 2012 17:02:49
   Arturo Belleza Rotor

On June 7, 1907, Arturo Belleza Rotor, considered as among the best Filipino short story writers of the twentieth century, was born. Rotor was also a Medical Doctor.

He attended the University of the Philippines (UP), graduating from the Conservatory of Music and the College of Medicine.


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8

Today in Philippine History, June 8, 1625, the revolt of Nueva Segovia took place

Posted Thursday June 07, 2012 23:34:49
Nueva Segovia

On June 8, 1625, the revolt Nueva Segovia (present day Cagayan province) took place in a village called Abulag led by Don Miguel Lanab and a person only known as Alababan. The rebellion started with the killing of Fray Alonso Garcia and Fray Onofre Palao by Lanab and Alababan, followed by burning a church.


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8

Today in Philippine history, June 8, 1942, Shizuichi Tanaka was appointed Japanese Military-Governor of the Philippines

Posted Monday July 04, 2016 14:33:09
   Shizuichi Tanaka
   (Shizuichi Tanaka, photo taken between July 1938 and September 1943)

On June 8, 1942, Shizuichi Tanaka (田中 静壱), commander of the 14th Army of the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA), a vocal opposition to the attack on Pearl Harbor, was appointed Military-Governor of the Philippines during the Japanese occupation. Tanaka relieved Masaharu Homma, the first Japanese Military-Governor of the country.


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9

Today in Philippine History, June 9, 1975, the Philippines and China established diplomatic relations

Posted Friday June 08, 2012 15:52:15

On June 9, 1975, the Republic of the Philippines and the People's Republic of China signed a Joint Communique in Beijing formally establishing diplomatic relations between the two countries at the ambassadorial level.

Related to this, Presidential Proclamation No. 148 was issued by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo on January 22, 2002 declaring June 9 of every year as Filipino-Chinese Friendship Day.


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9

Today in Philippine History, June 9, 1904, Artemio Ricarte was accused of conspiracy, rebellion and insurrection against the Americans

Posted Friday June 08, 2012 15:59:50

Artemio Ricarte   
General Artemio Ricarte   
On June 9, 1904, noted Filipino General, Artemio Ricarte was accused of illegal possession of firearms, conspiracy, rebellion and insurrection against the Americans.

Dubbed as the "Father of the Philippine Army", Ricarte was the Chief of Operations of the Philippine forces during the Philippine-American War which started in 1899.


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