The Kahimyang Project

Significant daily events in March in Philippine history


1

Today in Philippine History, March 1, 1888, some native Filipinos and mestizos presented a petition demanding explusion of the friars

(Posted Monday January 07, 2013 19:04:18)
Filipino soldiers  in 1899
(Filipino soldiers in 1899)

On March 1, 1888, some native Filipinos and mestizos marched in procession to the official residence of Jose Centeno and presented a petition demanding the immediate expulsion of the friars of the religious orders, and of the Archbishop, whom they declared unworthy to occupy the Primacy of the Islands.

Centeno, a mining engineer, was acting civil governor of Manila, and an anti-clerical, was said to have emboldened the demonstration.




2

Today in Philippine History, March 2, 1847, Cayetano Arellano was born in Orion, Bataan

(Posted Thursday March 01, 2012 23:12:45)

Cayetano Arellano   
(Cayetano L. Arellano)   
On March 2, 1847, Cayetano L. Arellano, the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines under American Civil Government, was born in Orion, Bataan.

Nobody could have predicted that this errand boy of friars would someday be chief justice of the Supreme Court. At age two he lost his mother and at age five left by his father under the care of Dominican priest.

In subsequent years, he was under the care of a parish priest of Binondo, Manila who supervised his schooling and who found him bright and industrious.




2

Today in Philippine History, March 2, 1964, Senate President Marcos announced he is seeking the Presidency

(Posted Tuesday December 11, 2012 15:11:53)

Senate President Marcos   
(Senate President Ferdinand E. Marcos)   
On March 2, 1964, Senate President Ferdinand Marcos, speaking before Dumaguete Rotary and Lions club members, announced he is seeking the Presidency and reiterates that Macapagal promised to run for only one term, but that he is willing to abandon his presidential ambitions if Macapagal "will carry out Liberal Party reform and improve the country's economy".




3

Today in Philippine History, March 3, 1894, Paz Marquez-Benitez was born in Lucena City, Quezon

(Posted Friday March 02, 2012 21:45:04)

Paz Marquez-Benitez   
(Paz Marquez-Benitez)   
On March 3, 1894, educator Paz Marquez-Benitez, who authored the first Filipino modern English-language short story "Dead Stars", was born in Lucena City, Quezon.

Benitez was among the first generation of Filipinos trained in the American education system which used English as the medium of instruction.

She taught at the University of the Philippines’ English department from 1916 to 1951, acquiring a reputation as an outstanding teacher.




4

Today in Philippine History, March 4, 1879, Rosa Sevilla was born in Tondo, Manila

(Posted Saturday March 03, 2012 23:01:41)

Rosa Sevilla de Alvero   
(Rosa Sevilla de Alvero)   
On March 4, 1879, Rosa Sevilla de Alvero, educator, writer and one of the notable suffragists in Asia who fought for the Filipino women's right to vote, was born in Tondo, Manila.

She pursued her desired profession of being a teacher and graduated as "maestra superior" at Assumption College. Together with Pura Villanueva-Kalaw and Pilar Hidalgo-Lim, she lobbied and campaigned for woman suffrage.

Hence, since April 30, 1937, Filipino women have been granted the right to vote and to be voted in elective office, which has led to the election of two women presidents for the country.




5

Today in Philippine History, March 5, 1899, the Central Methodist Episcopal Church was founded

(Posted Sunday March 04, 2012 22:52:38)

Central Methodist Episcopal Church
Central Methodist Episcopal Church on San Luis Street, Manila, c1915.
On March 5, 1899 the Central Methodist Episcopal Church, the first Protestant church in the Philippines, was founded during the American occupation.

Eventually named the Central United Methodist Church (CUMC), its history is closely intertwined with that of the Knox United Methodist Church.

These two churches were the result of Filipino-American ties during the surrender of Manila in 1898.




6

Today in Philippine History, March 6, 1951, Fort Santiago was declared a National Shrine

(Posted Monday March 05, 2012 22:27:52)
Fort Santiago in 1880
(The main gateway to Fort Santiago, Manila in 1880. The building was destroyed during the July 1880 earthquake that affected Luzon Island)

On March 6, 1951, Fort Santiago was declared a National Shrine in memories of national heroes and martyrs who had been imprisoned and lost their lives there.

During the Spanish time, Fort Santiago was used as prison for many Filipinos suspected of rebellion, including Dr. Jose Rizal before his execution in 1896.

Fort Santiago was also once the site of the palace and Kingdom of Rajah Suliman, chieftain of Manila of the pre-Spanish era.




6

Today in Philippine History, March 6, 1909, the University of the Philippines Los Baños was officially established

(Posted Monday March 05, 2012 22:39:01)

University of the Philippines, Los Baños   
Logo of the University of the Philippines, Los Baños
On March 6, 1909, the University of the Philippines Los Baños (UPLB) founded by American botanist Edwin B. Copeland, was officially established.

The Board of Regents of the American University of the Philippines established the College of Agriculture in Los Baños, Laguna, setting up an institution dedicated to research and education in agriculture and related disciplines.




7

Today in Philippine History, March 7, 1867 Tomas A. Remigio, was born in Sampaloc, Manila

(Posted Tuesday March 06, 2012 22:14:47)

  
Tomas A. Remigio   
On March 7, 1867, Tomas A. Remigio, one of the finest playwright during American Period, was born in Sampaloc, Manila.

Remigio's best known work, Malaya, was considered of the of finest nationalist play written during American Period.




8

Today in Philippine History, March 8, 1902 Gregorio Y. Zara was born in Lipa City, Batangas

(Posted Wednesday March 07, 2012 20:58:06)

   Dr. Gregorio Y. Zara
   (Dr. Gregorio Y. Zara)
On March 8, 1902, Gregorio Y. Zara, a well-known Filipino scientist with 30 devices and equipment patented to his name, was born in Lipa City, Batangas.

Zara, a renowned engineer and a physicist, invented the first video phone in 1955 patented as a "photo phone signal separator network".

He got his Bachelor of Science degree in Mechanical Engineering in Massachussets in 1926 and his Masters degree in Aeronautical Engineering from the University of Michigan in 1927.




9

Today in Philippine History, March 9, 1891, Jose P. Laurel was born in Tanauan, Batangas

(Posted Thursday March 08, 2012 21:36:20)

   Jose P. Laurel
   (Jose P. Laurel)
On March 9, 1891, Jose P. Laurel, president of the Japanese-sponsored Republic of the Philippines during World War II, from 1943 to 1945, was born in Tanauan, Batangas.

Laurel was instructed to remain in Manila by President Manuel L. Quezon, who were to leave together with his family and key officials, including Vice President Sergio Osmena, to Corregidor and later left for Australia then to the United States to establish a government-in-exile there.

Accordingly, Japan launched a surprise attack on the Philippines on December 8, 1941 and battles continued until the final surrender of US-Philippine forces on May 1942.




9

Today in Philippine history, March 9, 1899, Francisca Reyes-Aquino was born in Lolomboy, Bocaue, Bulacan

(Posted Tuesday November 12, 2013 19:58:21)

Francisca Reyes-Aquino   
(Francisca Reyes-Aquino (Photo credit: Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation))   
On March 9, 1899, Francisca Reyes-Aquino, the country's pioneer researcher on traditional Philippine folk dances and music and known as the mother Philippine folk dancing, was born in Lolomboy, Bocaue, Bulacan.

Francesca was the eldest of the three children of Felipe Reyes and Juliana Santos. She had her early schooling at the Meisic Elementary School, Tondo Intermediate School and Manila High School in Tondo, Manila. She obtained her High School Teacher's Certificate (HSTC) in 1923, her Bachelor of Science in Education degree in 1924 at the University of the Philippines (UP) and her Master of Arts degree in 1926 also at the UP.




10

Today in Philippine History, March 10, 1906, Alejandro G. Abadilla was born in Rosario, Cavite

(Posted Friday March 09, 2012 23:13:28)

Alejandro G. Abadilla   
(Alejandro G. Abadilla)   
On March 10, 1906, Alejandro G. Abadilla, regarded as "Father of Modern Tagalog Poetry", was born in Rosario, Cavite.

Abadilla, a Filipino poet, essayist and fiction writer, finished his AB Philosophy at the University of Santo Tomas in 1934.

His major breakthrough in Philippine poetry was when he wrote his poem "Ako ang Daigdig" (I am the world) in 1955.

His contributions to Philippine literature, extends to the essay, short fiction and the novel.




10

Today in Philippine History, March 10, 1785, the Real Compañía de Filipinas was established

(Posted Sunday September 01, 2013 15:06:01)

   Real Compañía de Filipinas
   (The deed of the Royal Company) Acción de la Real Compañía de Filipinas (Photo credit: Patrimonio Cultural de Vargas)
On March 10, 1785, Real Compañía de Filipinas (The Royal Company) was established through a royal decree. The company together with Sociedad Económica de Amigos del Pais (Economic Societies of Friends of the Country) established in 1781, were two of the most important events during the coming of Governor General José de Basco y Vargas which marked a new era in the economic history of the country.