The Kahimyang Project

Significant daily events in May in Philippine history


1

Today in Philippine History, May 1, 1903, the first Labor Day in the Philippines took place

(Posted Monday April 30, 2012 18:06:19)
   Dr. Dominador Gomez, President of the Union Obrera Democratica de Filipinas
   (Dr. Dominador Gomez)

On May 1, 1903, the first Labor Day celebration in the Philippines took place. It was organized by the Union Obrera Democratica de Filipinas, the first labor federation in the country. Thousands of workers marched from Plaza Moriones in Tondo to Malacañang to demand complete independence, while chanting anti American capitalism and imperialism.

The Union Obrero Democratica de Filipinas formerly known as the Union Obrera Democratica was founded on February 2, 1902 by Isabelo delos Reyes and Herminigildo Cruz. It advocated the rights of the labor force during the American occupation of the Philippines. Delos Reyes who was arrested on August 1902 for sedition, rebellion and "conspiracy to the raise the price of labor" was succeeded by Dominador Gomez. It was Gomez who led the first Labor Day celebration.




1

Today in Philippine History, May 1, 1898, the naval battle between the United States and Spain took place in Manila Bay

(Posted Wednesday February 06, 2013 21:04:09)
The Battle of Manila Bay
(The battle of Manila Bay in the heat of the raging fight (From The story of the Philippines by Murat Halstead)

On May 1, 1898, the naval battle between a squadron of the United States led by Admiral Geroge Dewey and a Spanish fleet under Admiral Montojo took place in Manila Bay, destroying the Spanish fleet. Soon after, the Spanish Governor-General intimated his willingness to surrender Manila but Dewey had no enough force to occupy the city.

On August 7, a few months later, and after several contigents of Americans have arrived, General Wesley Merritt and Admiral Dewey jointly sent the Spanish commander the following notice:




1

Today in Philippine History, May 1, 1954, Ferdinand Marcos and Imelda Romualdez were married

(Posted Saturday February 16, 2013 22:32:54)
Imelda Romualdez and Ferdinand Marcos on their wedding day   
Imelda and Ferdinand on their wedding day.   

On May 1, 1954, Ferdinand Marcos and Imelda Romualdez were married at the Pro Cathedral of San Miguel in Manila, after being married in a civil ceremony in Baguio City. Though they seemed an unlikely match, Marcos being a Liberal and an Ilocano and Imelda being a Nacionalista by family tradition and a Waray-waray, he pursued her.

President Ramon Magsaysay, the principal sponsor, held the breakfast reception in Malacañang Palace, where about 3,000 of Manila's officials and social elite were invited.




2

Today in Philippine History, May 2, 1902, the US Congress passed an act authorizing a coinage system for the Philippines

(Posted Tuesday February 19, 2013 20:35:13)
(The peso coin received in the islands 1903)

On May 2, 1902, on urgent recommendation of the Philippine Commission, the US Congress passed an act authorizing a coinage system for the Philippines with a standard Philippine dollar, or "peso", worth fifty cents of American money and exchangeable at government treasuries for this amount.

The designs of the peso, half peso, peseta, and centavo were made by a Filipino, Mr. Melecio Figueroa. Over 17 million dollars of these attractive coins were received in 1903. Furthermore, paper certificates, furnishing a portable and convenient currency, were printed at Washington, the most commonly used piece, two pesos, bearing the effigy of Dr. Jose Rizal.




3

Today in Philippine History, May 3, 1859, Enrique Mendiola was born in San Miguel, Manila

(Posted Wednesday May 02, 2012 16:53:56)
   Enrique Mendiola
   Enrique Mendiola (Photo credit: nhcp.gov.ph).

On May 3, 1859, Enrique Mendiola, educator and textbook author, was born in San Miguel, Manila to Quintin Mendiola, a blacksmith, and Maria Escolastica Victorino.

He graduated with a degree in Bachelor of Arts in Colegio de San Juan de Letran. He started teaching after finishing law at the University of Santos Tomas and later completed a course in philosophy and letters.

Mendiola founded the La Invencion de la Santa Cruz School in Ongpin Street, which was considered one of the outstanding Filipino-supervised schools at that time. It offered courses from the primary years to the full secondary school curriculum.




3

Today in Philippine History, May 3, 1968, Ford automotive assembly plant was inaugurated

(Posted Tuesday April 16, 2013 17:34:36)

Ford Motors Philippines   
Ford Motors logo around the time of the Plant inauguration.
On May 3, 1968, Ford automotive assembly plant was formally inaugurated 50 years after Ford came to the Philippines. President and Mrs. Marcos were the principal sponsors and Reverend Father Pacifico Ortiz, S. J., officiated the invocation and blessing ceremonies. Industry Undersecretary Cesar Virata stood proxy for the President who was in Bicol at the time.




4

Today in Philippine History, May 4, 1917, Nicomedes Joaquin was born in Paco, Manila

(Posted Thursday May 03, 2012 17:27:31)
   Nick Joaquín a painting by Benedicto Cabrera
   Nick Joaquín a painting by Benedicto Cabrera (Photo credit: Wikipedia).

On May 4, 1917, Nicomedes "Nick" Joaquin, historian, journalist and a National Artist of the Philippines for Literature who is also widely known with his nome de plume Quijano de Manila, was born in Paco, Manila.

Joaquin, widely considered the best postwar author in short stories and novels in the English language, started as a proofreader at the Philippines Free Press and eventually bloomed as one of the Philippines' greatest writer of his time.

He has written largely about the Spanish colonial period and the diverse heritage of the Filipino people.




5

Today in Philippine History, May 5, 1869, Fabian Cueto de la Rosa was born in Paco, Manila

(Posted Friday May 04, 2012 18:41:28)
Fabian dela Rosa   
(Fabian dela Rosa)   

On May 5, 1869, Fabian Cueto de la Rosa, regarded as foremost Filipino painter during the American period, was born in Paco, Manila.

De la Rosa was noted for his realistic portraits, genre paintings, and landscapes in subdued colors.

Among his estimated 1,000 paintings, "Planting Rice" received the golden award at the International Exposition held in St. Louis, Missouri, USA in 1904. It was also during this exposition when his "The Death of General Lawton" was awarded the bronze prize.




5

Today in Philippine History, May 5, 1860, Gregorio Aglipay was born in Batac, Ilocos Norte

(Posted Tuesday April 09, 2013 00:47:13)
   Bishop Gregorio Aglipay
   (Bishop Gregorio Aglipay)

On May 5, 1860, Gregorio Aglipay, the forefront in the creation of an independent church called the Iglesia Filipina Independiente and a nationalist former Roman Catholic priest, was born in Batac, Ilocos Norte to Pedro Aglipay Cruz and Victorina Labayan Hilario.

Orphaned at a young age, Gregorio grew up in the care of relatives. As a worker in the tobacco fields, he learned about the social condition under the colonial masters. He was only fourteen when he was arrested and brought to the gobernadorcillo for failing to meet the required quota of tobacco. Because of this, he developed a deep resentment against the Spanish authorities.




6

Today in Philippine History, May 6, 1942, Corregidor was surrendered unconditionally to the Japanese army

(Posted Saturday May 05, 2012 19:05:21)

On May 6, 1942, Corregidor, the strongest fortress of the United States in the Orient, was surrendered unconditionally to the Japanese army.

Following the earlier surrender of Filipino-American forces in Bataan, General Jonathan Wainwright decided to surrender his remaining forces of about 12,000 men in the island.




6

Today in Philippine history, May 6, 1662, Governor de Lara ordered abandonment of forts in Zamboanga, Ternate

(Posted Thursday May 05, 2016 14:59:13)
Statue of Koxinga
(Statue of Koxinga)

On May 6, 1662, a council presided over by Governor-general Manrique de Lara resolved to abandon the fort of Zamboanga, La Sabanilla and Iligan in Mindanao, and Ternate in the Moluccas and ordered its troops to withdraw to Manila. The concentration of Spanish forces in Manila was in hurried preparation for its defense due to the treat of invasion of Chinese corsair, Koxinga (or Keu-Seng). The fort of Surigao, then called Caraga was the only one preserved.




7

Today in Philippine History, May 7, 1892, Tomas Mateo Claudio was born in Morong, Rizal

(Posted Sunday May 06, 2012 17:13:59)
   Private Tomas Claudio

On May 7, 1892, Private Tomas Mateo Claudio, a former Bureau of Prisons employee, the first Filipino soldier to die in First World War was born in Morong, Rizal.




8

Today in Philippine history, May 8, 1980, Ninoy Aquino was allowed to leave for a coronary bypass surgery

(Posted Thursday March 24, 2016 13:16:07)
Ninoy Aquino in Baylor hospital
(Ninoy Aquino in Baylor University Medical Center in Dallas, Texas)

On May 8, 1980, Senator Benigno Aquino Jr., a political prisoner, a staunch critic of the Marcos administration, was allowed to leave for the United States to undergo a coronary bypass surgery on recommendation of his doctors at the Philippine Heart Center where he was confined after suffering a heart attack in his prison cell in Fort Bonifacio. He was immediately transported to the center on the evening of May 5, 1980.




8

Today in Philippine History, On May 8, 1967, Republic Act No. 4867 which divided the Province of Davao into three provinces was passed into law

(Posted Monday May 07, 2012 16:55:05)

On May 8, 1967, Republic Act No. 4867 was passed into law. It divided the Province of Davao into three provinces namely Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur and, Davao Oriental.

The capital of Davao del Norte is Tagum; Davao del Sur, Digos; and Davao Oriental, Mati.

All three provinces are in Region XI.