Significant daily events in November in Philippine history


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Today in Philippine History, November 1, 1542, Ruy Lopez de Villalobos started his expedition to the Philippines

Posted Tuesday November 01, 2011 02:30:32

   Ruy Lopez de Villalobos
   (Ruy Lopez de Villalobos)
On November 1, 1542, Ruy Lopez de Villalobos started his expedition to the Philippines from Barra de Navidad, New Spain or Nueva España (now Mexico). He was the brother-in-law of Antonio de Mendoza, then viceroy of New Spain, who appointed him to commander the expedition.

Villalobos reached Mindanao on February 2 of the following year, the first Spaniard to make explorations in that Island.

It was he who bestowed upon these islands the name "Felipinas" in honor of the Crown-prince, Don Felipe of Spain, who later became King Felipe II. He conferred this appellation sometime in 1543. Dr. Jose Rizal in his annotation to Morga's 1609 Philippine History, said that Villalobos initially gave the name "Felipinas" to one of the southern islands, Tandaya, now perhaps Leyte, and this name later was extended to the entire archipelago.


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Today in Philippine History, November 1, 1849, Valentin Diaz was born in Paoay, Ilocos Norte

Posted Monday April 08, 2013 13:44:02
2 Azcarraga Street, Tondo
(72 Azcarraga Street, Tondo, the house where the Katipunan was born)

On November 1, 1849, Valentin Diaz, co-founder and one-time treasurer of the Katipunan, was born in Paoay, Ilocos Norte to Geronimo Diaz and Maria Villanueva. His family is said to have moved to Tayug, Pangasinan sometime in 1857.

Nothing is known of the educational background of Diaz but it can be presumed that he had obtained some level of education because he became gobernadorcillo of his town, a position equivalent to that of the present-day municipal mayor. Moreover, he and his family must have been influential, for the Spanish authorities awarded such position only to members of important families.


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Today in Philippine History, November 2, 1960, Julio Nakpil, a composer who also fought during Philippine revolution died at 93

Posted Wednesday November 02, 2011 02:33:08

Julio Nakpil   
(Julio Nakpil, photo credit Wikipedia Commons)   
On November 2, 1960, Julio Nakpil, a Filipino composer who also fought during Philippine revolution died at the age of 93.

Julio served as a commander for revolutionary troops in the north of Manila under Andres Bonifacio. His experience in the battlefield earned him the task of securing, purchasing and watching over the funds and weapons of the Katipunan.

Julio, who educated himself at home and eventually learned how to play the piano, made compositions which were inspired directly by the Revolution.

One of his compositions "Marangal na Dalit ng Katagalugan” was a candidate for the Philippine national anthem but eventually went to Julian Felipe’s “Lupang Hinirang” composition.


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Today in Philippine History, November 3, 1934, Bannawag, a leading weekly Ilokano Magazine was founded

Posted Thursday November 01, 2012 19:03:09

Cover of Bannawag Januaary 1, 1968 issue   
Cover of Bannawag Januaary 1, 1968 issue.   
On November 3, 1934, Bannawag, a leading weekly Ilokano Magazine which is considered as one foundation of the existence of contemporary Ilokano literature, was founded.

Bannawag, an Iloko word meaning "dawn", contains serialized novels/comics, short stories, poetry, essays, news features, and entertainment news, among others.

Every Ilokano writer has proved his mettle by publishing in Bannawag -- either his or her first Iloko short story, poetry, or essay, and thereafter his/her succeeding works in its pages.

Bannawag's first issue had a production run of 10,000 copies with a selling price of 10 centavos per copy.


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4

Today in Philippine History, November 4, 1896, Carlos P. Garcia was born in Talibon, Bohol

Posted Thursday November 01, 2012 19:41:34

   Carlos P Garcia
   (Carlos P. Garcia (Photo credit: Wikipedia Commons))
On November 4, 1896, Carlos P. Garcia, eighth President of the Philippines, was born in Talibon, Bohol, to Policronio García and Ambrosia Polístico, who were both natives of Bangued, Abra.

García grew up with politics, with his father serving as a municipal mayor for four terms. He acquired his primary education in his native Talibon, then took his secondary education in Cebu Provincial High School. Initially, he pursued his college education at Silliman University in Dumaguete City, Negros Oriental, and later studied at the Philippine Law School where he earned his law degree in 1923.


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Today in Philippine History, November 4, 1873, Jaime de Veyra, was born in Tanauan, Leyte

Posted Thursday November 01, 2012 22:46:17

Jaime Carlos de Veyra   
(Jaime Carlos de Veyra)   
On November 4, 1873, Jaime Carlos de Veyra, was born in Tanauan, Leyte.

A patriot, statesman, scholar and journalist, de Veyra graduated from Manila's College of San Juan de Letran in 1893, and engaged in graduate studies at the University of Santo Thomas.

In 1899 he became Secretary to Leyte Province's Military Governor, and later worked as a journalist and served on Cebu's Municipal Council. From 1906 to 1907 de Veyra was Governor of Leyte, and member of the Philippine House of Representatives from 1907 to 1909.


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Today in Philippine History, November 4, 1835, Lorenzo Guerrero was born in Ermita

Posted Saturday September 05, 2015 19:53:46

Lorenzo Guerrero   
Lorenzo Guerrero   
On November 4, 1835, Lorenzo Guerrero, among the few Filipino teachers of painting who flourished during the latter half of the nineteenth century and Juan Luna's painting teacher, was born in Ermita, then a town independent of Manila.

He was the second of fourteen children of Leon Jorge Guerrero and Clara Leogardo. His father was in the employ of the Spanish government in the Philippines as warehouse keeper (almacenero de la administracion de rentas estancadas) in the Pasig district from 1858, but he left the service rather than to swear allegiance to the newly constituted Spanish Republic upon the overthrow of Queen Isabela in 1868. He studied Latinity in the College of San Jose. One of his early preceptors was Father Jose Ma. Guevara, a Filipino priest later deported to the Marianas for alleged complicity in the Cavite Revolt of 1872.


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Today in History, November 5, 1881, George Malcolm, who founded the UP College of Law in 1911, was born in Michigan, USA

Posted Saturday November 05, 2011 14:38:49
George Malcolm
(Malcolm (2nd row, 2nd from right), pictured in 1904)

On November 5, 1881, George Malcolm, American justice and Philippine law expert who founded the University of the Philippines (U.P.) College of Law in 1911, was born in Concord, Michigan, USA.

As a lawyer in his early 30s, Malcolm was assigned in the Philippines, which was then a colony of the United States, and rose quickly in rank from several minor positions starting from clerk in the Bureau of Health and subsequently in the Bureau of Justice to acting attorney-general for the Philippines.


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Today in Philippine History, November 6, 1959, Jose P. Laurel died unexpectedly of a cerebral hemorrhage

Posted Friday November 02, 2012 16:16:01

  
A bust of Jose P. Laurel located in Plaza Laurel, Barangay Kumintang Ibaba, Batangas City, Philippines.   
On November 6, 1959, early morning, Dr. Jose P. Laurel, one of the country's politician-statesmen of the first rank, died unexpectedly of a cerebral hemorrhage.

Born in Tanauan, Batangas on March 9, 1891, he attended the public schools and graduated from the University of the Philippines College of Law in 1915 and was admitted to the bar that same year. He received a master of laws degree from the Escuela de Derecho in 1918 and the degree of doctor of civil law from Yale in 1920.


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7

Today in Philippine History, November 7, 1914, Jesus Antonio Villamor was born in Abra

Posted Monday November 07, 2011 02:54:41

General Douglas MacArthur (left) is shown pinning a Distinguished Service Cross on Captain Jesús A. Villamor of the Philippine Army Air Corps, for 
heroism in the air   
General Douglas MacArthur (left) is shown pinning a Distinguished Service Cross on Captain Jesús A. Villamor of the Philippine Army Air Corps, for heroism in the air.   
On November 7, 1914, Jesus Antonio Villamor, a Filipino ace pilot who fought the Japanese invaders during the World War II, was born in Abra.

Villamor, who joined the Philippine Army Air Corps (PAAC) Flying School in his early 20s, was an outstanding cadet sent to the United States for advance flight training for three years instead of four years.

He also took part in the training of the U.S. Air Force’s Strategic Bombing Squadron which used the B-17 and B-22 bomber planes.


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Today in Philippine History, November 7, 1898, the Republic of Negros was founded

Posted Saturday November 03, 2012 13:50:28

Aniceto Lacson   
Aniceto Lacson   
On November 7, 1898, the liberators of Negros, assembled in Bacolod to promulgate a constitution and establish the Republica Cantonal de Negros (Cantonal Republic of Negros), following the unconditional surrender of the town on November 6, 1898, by the Spanish authorities to the Negrenses.

Earlier, on November 3, 1898, the people of Negros rose in revolt against the Spanish authorities headed by Politico-military Governor Colonel Isidro de Castro. The revolutionaries, led by General Juan Araneta from Bago and General Aniceto Lacson from Talisay, were said to be actually carrying fake arms consisting of rifles carved out of palm fronds and cannons of rolled bamboo mats painted black.


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8

Today in Philippine History, November 8, 1949, sitting Chief Executive Elpidio Quirino was elected formally as president

Posted Tuesday November 08, 2011 02:15:56

6th President of the Philippines 2nd President of the Third Republic On November 8, 1949, then sitting Chief Executive Elpidio Quirino was elected formally as the sixth president of the Philippines for a four-year term.

Then vice president Quirino assumed the presidency on April 17, 1948, following the death of President Manuel A. Roxas on April 15 of the same year.

Quirino’s six-year presidency was marked by notable post-war reconstruction, general economic gains, and increased economic aid from the United States. It was in the realm of diplomacy where he excelled, impressing foreign heads of states and world statesmen from American, European and Asian countries.


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8

Today in Philippine History, November 8, 1986, Mrs. Aquino repealed four presidential decrees issued during the martial law

Posted Monday November 05, 2012 21:49:45

On November 8, 1986, President Corazon Aquino signed Executive Order No. 59, repealing four presidential decrees issued by former President Ferdinand Marcos in connection with the martial law proclamation of September 21, 1972.

These Presidential Decrees were:


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Today in Philippine History, November 8, 1521, Magellan's Trinidad and Victoria arrived in Tidore Moluccas

Posted Monday September 02, 2013 02:59:14

   Magellan's ship Victoria
   (Magellan's ship Victoria. Photo credit: Wikipedia Commons).
On November 8, 1521, after Magellan's death, his ships Victoria commanded by Juan Sebastián Elcano, the first ship to circumnavigate the globe, and Trinidad arrived at Tidore in the Moluccas.

Shortly before Magellan went for battle in Mactan, the Admiral received information that the Molucca islands, which he came out in search of, were not far distant. After his death in the battle of Mactan, his men continued the voyage with the remaining ships Trinidad and Victoria reaching Tidore on November 8.


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