Today in Philippine History, June 12, 1898, Aguinaldo formally proclaimed the Philippine Independence in Kawit, Cavite

Monday June 11, 2012 ()

On June 12, 1898, Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo, head of the Philippine Revolutionary Republic, formally proclaimed Philippine Independence from the central second-story window of the Aguinaldo ancestral house in Kawit, Cavite.

This grand occasion was highlighted by the playing, for the first time, of the Philippine national anthem, the unfurling of the national flag, and the reading of the proclamation of independence.

Original Philippine Flag
(The original Flag raised by Emilio Aguinaldo in declaring the independence in 1898)

The Philippine national anthem, which embodies the struggles and the glory of Filipino people in search of freedom from foreign denomination, was composed by Julian Felipe and played by the San Francisco de Malabon Band. The Spanish lyrics were written by Jose Palma a year later.

The Philippine national flag had been made in Hong Kong by Marcela Agoncillo, assisted by Lorenza Agoncillo and Delfina Herbosa. It featured a blue band on top, a red band below, and a white triangle on the side.

At the corners of the white triangle were sewn yellow stars symbolizing the three Philippine island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. At the center of the triangle was a sun with eight rays, representing the first provinces that rose in arms against Spain.

The Aguinaldo house has been declared a national historical site, a Freedom Shrine. The architectural and interior design of the house bears the stamp of Aguinaldo.

Reference: Philippines News Agency archives
Photo credit: Wikipedia Commons


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