Today in Philippine History, January 7, 1901 MacArthur ordered the deportation of leaders of the Revolution to Guam

Saturday January 07, 2012 ()

On January 7, 1901, Major General Arthur MacArthur Jr. ordered the deportation to the island of Guam a number of politicians and leaders of the Revolution led by Filipino hero Apolinario Mabini.

   General Arthur MacArthur, Jr.
   (General Arthur MacArthur, Jr.)

Mabini, the "Brains of the Revolution" who served as chief adviser of General Emilio Aguinaldo, was exiled for aiding and supporting the guerrilla war against the Americans and the cause of the Philippine Independence.

He wrote the True Decalogue when Filipino-American war broke out which inspired the Filipinos to fight and die for freedom.

Mabini and 31 others sailed for Guam on January 16 among them were Pablo Ocampo, Julian Gerona, General Artemio Ricarte, Maximino Hizon, Pio del Pilar and Mariano Llanera.

On January 26, in a telegram to Washington, MacArthur said:

"Mabini-deported: a most active agitator. persistently and defiantly refusing amnesty and maintaining correspondence with insurgents in the field while living in Manila, Luzon under protection of the United States; also for offensive statement in regard to recent proclamation enforcing the laws of war. His deportation absolutely essential."

Reference:

  1. Philippine News Agency archives
  2. The New York Times, February 5, 1901

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