The Kahimyang Project

Significant daily events in August in Philippine history


1

Today in Philippine History, August 1, 2009, Corazon Aquino died of colon cancer

(Posted Tuesday July 31, 2012 16:21:05)

Casket of late former President Corazon Aquino on August 3, 2009   
Casket of late former President Corazon Aquino passes by EDSA on August 3, 2009 (Credit: militaryphotos.net).   
On August 1, 2009, Ma. Corazon Sumulong Cojuangco Aquino, the first woman President of the Philippines, died of colon cancer at the age of 76.

Born in Manila, "Tita Cory," as she was fondly called, was the mother of the country's 15th and current President, Benigno Simeon "Noynoy" Aquino III. She is best remembered for leading the 1986 EDSA People Power Revolution which toppled the authoritarian regime of President Ferdinand Marcos and restored democracy in the Philippines.

Notably, she was revered by many Filipinos as the Philippines' "Icon of Democracy". She was also hailed by TIME Magazine as the "Saint of Democracy", due to her well-known spiritual life and strong adherence to non-violence and democracy.




1

Today in Philippine history, August 1, 1898, Aguinaldo asked Williams to recognize Filipino government

(Posted Friday July 29, 2016 03:06:53)
US Consul Oscar F. Williams
(Consul Oscar F. Williams (left) at a banquet in 1898)

On August 1, 1898, General Emilio Aguinaldo wrote United States Consul Oscar F. Williams, asking him earnestly that the "Government at Washington recognize the revolutionary government of the Filipinos". Aguinaldo in his letter said:

"If the object of the United States is to annex these islands, why not recognize the government established in them, in order in that manner to join with it the same as by annexation? "Why do not the American generals operate in conjunction with the Filipino generals and, uniting their forces, render the end more decisive?"




2

Today in Philippine History, August 2, 1799, Father Mariano Gomez was born in Sta. Cruz, Manila

(Posted Wednesday August 01, 2012 21:08:00)

 
Father Mariano Gomez.  
On August 2, 1799, Father Mariano Gomez, one of the triumvirate priests known in Philippine history as GOMBURZA, was born in Sta. Cruz, Manila.

GOMBURZA is an acronym of the surnames of priests Mariano Gomez, Jose Apolonio Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora, who were executed on February 17, 1872 at Bagumbayan (Luneta) by Spanish colonial authorities on charges of subversion arising from the 1872 Cavite mutiny.

Gomez, then aged 25, and designated head priest of Bacoor, Cavite, fought for the Filipino priests' rights against abuses, getting the ire of Spanish friars who eventually ordered his arrest and incarceration.




2

Today in Philippine history, August 2, 1577, the first Franciscan mission arrived in Manila

(Posted Sunday July 31, 2016 14:22:20)
Saint Francis

On August 2, 1577, the first religious of the order of Saint Francis entered Manila. They were led by father fray Pedro de Alfaro who was accompanied by seventeen religious, sons of the province of San Joseph, of the discalced religious. Thirteen of them were priests, two were choristers and two lay-brothers. Six died on the voyage from Spain to Mexico but they were joined by six more in Mexico.




3

Today in Philippine History August 3, 1902, Isabelo de los Reyes proclaimed the establishment of the "Iglesia Filipina Independiente"

(Posted Wednesday August 03, 2011 03:35:25)
Isabelo de los Reyes   
(Msgr. Aglipay and Isabelo de los Reyes in Kalayaan)   

On August 3, 1902, Isabelo de los Reyes proclaimed the establishment of the "Iglesia Filipina Independiente" better known as Aglipayan Church, an independent Christian Protestant church in the catholic tradition, with Father Gregorio Aglipay as Supreme Bishop.

Msgr. Aglipay, once a Roman Catholic priest but later excommunicated by the Vatican for inciting rebellion within the Filipino clergy, helped "Filipinize" the parishes and established religious freedom in the country during the Spanish rule. De los Reyes was excommunicated in 1903 as a schismatic apostate.




4

Today in Philippine history, August 4, 1964, June 12 was designated the Independence Day

(Posted Thursday August 04, 2011 03:30:40)
Philippine independence

On August 4, 1964, President Diosdado Macapagal signed into law Republic Act No. 4166, designating June 12 as the Independence Day of the Philippines.




5

Today in Philippine History, August 5, 1621, a group of nuns arrived in Manila to establish the first convent

(Posted Friday August 05, 2011 04:08:39)

   Sor Geronima de la  Asuncion
   Mother Geronima de la Asuncion (Photo credit: Wikipedia commons).
On August 5, 1621, a group composed of 10 nuns of the Franciscan Order arrived in Manila to establish the first convent in the country, the Convento de Santa Clara.

Hidden in isolation within Intramuros and named after the Real Convento de Santa Clara of Spain, it was founded by Mother Geronima de la Asuncion, a relative of the Spanish monarch.

Mother Geronima de la Asuncion belonged to a contemplative female branch of the Franciscan Order, popularly called "Poor Clares", after their foundress, St. Clare, a follower of St. Francis of Assisi.



6

Today in Philippine History, August 6, 1906, the system of weights and measures were reformed

(Posted Sunday April 28, 2013 17:45:07)

   System of weights and measures
On August 6, 1906, the system of weights and measures were reformed and legalized in terms of the metric system, when the Philippine Commission Act No. 1519 was enacted.

A careful study of the matter by government experts in the Bureau of Science, found that the standard weight and capacity had become deplorably falsified and irregular. It was commonly said that the only reliable unit of measure was a "Standard Oil Can". The debasement and frauds practised fell heaviest upon the poorest purchasers and consumers. Thus, it was decided to standardize the native measures and adopt the international metric system.




6

Today in Philippine history, August 6, 2011, Fe Del Mundo died of cardiac arrest

(Posted Saturday July 26, 2014 19:01:17)
   Dr. Fe del Mundo
   (Dr. Fe del Mundo, photo credit: Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation)

On August 6, 2011, Fe Del Mundo, the country's distinguished Pediatrician and National Scientist who conducted important pioneering researches on infectious diseases and dedicated much of her life to the cause of pediatrics in the country, died of cardiac arrest. She died 3 months before her 100th birthday on November 27, having been born in Intramuros, Manila on 1911. She was the sixth of eight children of Bernardo del Mundo, a prominent lawyer from Marinduque and Paz Villanueva.




7

Today in Philippine History, August 7, 1940, the National Assembly passed the Educational Act of 1940

(Posted Monday August 06, 2012 21:41:09)
   Philippine Educational Act of 1940

On August 7, 1940, the National Assembly passed the Educational Act of 1940, providing among others, for the reduction of the elementary course from seven to six years.

The same Act fixed the school entrance age at seven years and required compulsory attendance in the primary grades for all children enrolling in grade 1, adoption of the single-session, one class in the morning and another in the afternoon under one teacher to accommodate more children, and the support of public elementary education by the national government.




7

Today in Philippine History, August 7, 1901, Manila became a chartered city

(Posted Monday April 29, 2013 01:18:12)
   Seal of the City of Manila as of 2009
   The seal of the City of Manila as of 2009 (Photo credit: Wikipedia Commons).

On August 7, 1901, the City of Manila was incorporated by virtue of Act 183 of the Philippine Commission which was passed on July 31, 1901. Brigadier-General George W. Davis, the last provost-marshall of Manila, drafted the Charter. The Manila Charter followed closely in its general plan of legislation by which the City of Washington, D. C. was then governed.

Up to about the middle of the nineteenth century, Manila formed a part of the ancient province of Tondo. This province included almost the whole of what is now Rizal (and the present-day cities of Metro Manila). In 1859 a decree was issued establishing a civil government for the Province of Manila. With this decree what formally was Tondo became the province of Manila. According to this decree, the civil governor was also Corregidor of the city.




8

Today in Philippine History, August 8, 1967, ASEAN was established

(Posted Monday August 08, 2011 02:30:45)

ASEAN emblem   
ASEAN emblem (Photo credit: asean.org).   
On August 8, 1967, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations or ASEAN was established in Bangkok, Thailand with the principal aim of strengthening economic and cultural development and maintaining peace in the region.

The original five members of the ASEAN were Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. Brunei Darussalam joined on January 8, 1984; Vietnam on July 28, 1995; Lao PDR and Myanmar on July 23, 1997; and Cambodia on April 30, 1999, making up what is today the 10-member ASEAN.



8

Today in Philippine History, August 8, 1900, William J. Bryan condemned the American occupation of the Philippines

(Posted Wednesday August 08, 2012 00:58:46)

William Jennings Bryan   
William Jennings Bryan in 1902 (Photo credit: Wikipedia Commons).   
On August 8, 1900, William J. Bryan, US Democratic Party candidate for President, condemned the American occupation of the Philippines as a flagrant deviation from the most sacred American principles and traditions, saying:

"There can be no doubt that we did so we had full knowledge that they were fighting for their own independence, and I submit that history furnishes no example of greater turpitude than ours if we now substitute our yoke for the Spanish yoke".




8

Today in Philippine history, August 8, 1897, the Spanish Premier was assasinated to avenge execution of Rizal

(Posted Tuesday April 01, 2014 00:12:18)
   August 8, 1897, the Spanish Premier was assasinated to avenge execution of Jose Rizal
   The New York Times headline on August 9, 1897.

On Sunday afternoon, August 8, 1897, the Prime Minister of Spain, SeƱor Canovas del Castillo was shot and killed by Italian Anarchist Michele Angine Golli at the baths of Santa Agueda. Golli watched the Spanish statesman and fired only when he had no chance of missing.

Golli confessed that he killed Canovas to avenge the Barcelona Anarchists and Don Jose Rizal who was executed in Manila over 7 months earlier, on December 30, 1896 as an instigator of the Philippine rebellion which Dr Rizal denied.