Significant daily events in September in Philippine history


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Today in Philippine History, September 1, 1909, Baguio was declared a chartered city

Posted Thursday September 01, 2011 00:52:27
Location map of Baguio city

On September 1, 1909, Baguio, then a municipality of Benguet province in Northern Luzon, was declared a chartered city by virtue of Act No. 1963.

Then Governor General William Cameron Forbes directed Justice George Malcolm, a young lawyer in the American-led Philippine government, to write the city's charter.

The name of the city is derived from the word "bagiw" in Ibaloi, the indigenous language of the Benguet Region meaning "moss."


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2

Today in Philippine History, September 2, 1901,Gregorio Tiongson Velasquez was born in Calumpit, Bulacan

Posted Friday September 02, 2011 01:35:44

On September 2, 1901, Gregorio Tiongson Velasquez, botanist and known as father of Philippine Phycology, was born in Calumpit, Bulacan.

Velasquez, who was conferred the National Scientist in Tropical Phycology award by President Ferdinand Marcos in 1982, pioneered research in phycology or the study of algae in the country.


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2

Today in Philippine History, September 2, 1865, Simeon Ola was born in Guinobatan, Albay

Posted Tuesday March 26, 2013 15:01:10

   Monument of General Simeon Ola at Guinobatan, Albay town plaza
   Monument of General Simeon Ola at Guinobatan, Albay town plaza
On September 2, 1865, Simeon Ola, the man who would lead the Bicolanos fight for their freedom, was born in Guinobatan, Albay to Vicente Ola and Apolonia Arboleda.

Ola was highly regarded in Guinobatan, being the teniente de cuadrillos and a trusted confidant of Father Carlos Cabido, the parish priest of his town. These positions helped him carry out his revolutionary works – recruiting men and acquiring firearms for the revolutionary army. He connived with the jail warden in his town, Sergeant Loame, to free about 93 prisoners, prisoners who soon joined his army.


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Today in Philippine History, September 2, 1914, Fred Ruiz Castro was born in Laoag, Ilocos Norte

Posted Sunday August 25, 2013 21:42:52
Justice Fred Ruiz Castro
Justice Fred Ruiz Castro

On September 2, 1914, Fred Ruiz Castro, a well-known jurist and former Chief Justice, considered as Father of the Integrated Bar of the Philippines, was born in Laoag, Ilocos Norte. He was Chief Justice of the Philippines from January 5, 1976 until his death on April 19, 1979 while on an official trip to India.


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3

Today in Philippine History, September 3, 1898, La Independencia came out with its first issue

Posted Sunday September 02, 2012 14:29:57
   September 18, 1899 issue of the La Independencia
   (September 18, 1899 issue of the La Independencia)

On September 3, 1898, La Independencia, the periodical organ of the Philippine Revolution against Spain, came out with its first issue. It was edited and founded by General Antonio Luna, Supreme Chief of the Army under Emilio Aguinaldo.

Publication of the paper continued even during the Filipino-American War, although General Luna was pulled out of its editorial staff because of his military duties and was replaced by Rafael Palma as acting editor.


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3

Today in Philippine History, September 3, 1894, Benigno Aquino Sr. was born in Murcia, Tarlac

Posted Monday April 22, 2013 19:11:17

Benigno Aquino Sr.   
Benigno Aquino Sr. (Photo credit: Wikipedia Commons)   
On September 3, 1894, Benigno Aquino Sr. was born in Murcia, Tarlac to Servillano Aquino, a general in the Philippine Revolution who later served as a member of the Malolos Congress and, Guadalupe Quiambao, daughter of a well-to-do couple, Pablo and Lorenza Quiambao.

After being taught the cartilla by a private tutor, the young Aquino studied under Bartolome Tablante in Angeles, Pampanga. Then he boarded at the school of Modesto Joaquin in Bacolor. In 1904, he entered the Colegio de San Juan de Letran as a boarding student. There, he reaped medals in oratory, and was the star pupil in the philosophy class. On March 8,1908, at age 13, he graduated from Letran with a Bachelor of Arts degree. Afterwards, he enrolled at the University of Santo Tomas to take up law. He completed his Bachelor of Laws degree in 1913 and, the following year, passed the bar.


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4

Today in Philippine history, September 4, 1943, the Japanese-sponsored Constitution was signed and ratified

Posted Sunday September 04, 2011 12:25:50
Seal of the Second Philippine Republic

Seal of the Second Philippine Republic. Photo credit: http://www.watawat.net/.

On September 4, 1943, the Japanese-sponsored 1943 Constitution was signed and ratified in a general assembly and two days later by 117 members of the Kapisanan sa Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas (KALIBAPI), the only political organization allowed during the Japanese occupation.

Hence, the Second Republic (1943-1945) was formally proclaimed, with Jose P. Laurel Sr. appointed as President and inaugurated into office in October 14, 1943.


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5

Today in Philippine History, September 5, 1976, the Philippine International Convention Center was formally inaugurated

Posted Tuesday September 04, 2012 21:08:39

   Philippine International Convention Center
   Philippine International Convention Center.
On September 5, 1976, the Philippine International Convention Center (PICC) was formally inaugurated.

Designed by Architect Leandro V. Locsin, a Filipino National Artist in Architecture, its construction was undertaken in a short span of 23 months. It was opened in time for the country's hosting of the 1976 World Bank-International Monetary Fund (IMF) annual meeting.

Notably, PICC hosted the annual Awards Night of the Filipino Academy of Movie Arts and Sciences (FAMAS), the Philippine equivalent of the Oscars, mostly at its Plenary Hall.


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6

Today in Philippine History, September 6, 1955, the Laurel-Langley Agreement was approved by both the American and Philippine governments

Posted Tuesday September 06, 2011 11:31:32
   Senator Jose P. Laurel shakes hands with U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Walter S. Robertson as James M. Langley smiles in the background. in December 1954
   (Senator Jose P. Laurel shakes hands with U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Walter S. Robertson as James M. Langley smiles in the background. in December 1954)

On September 6, 1955, the Laurel-Langley Agreement was approved by both the American and Philippine governments following the conclusion of negotiations between Senator Jose P. Laurel and James M. Langley in December 1954.

The Laurel-Langley treaty was a revised United States-Philippines Trade Agreement replacing the Bell Trade Act, which became unpopular among Filipino nationalists due to provisions which tied the Philippine economy to the U.S. economy.


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7

Today in Philippine History, September 7, 1840, Regino Garcia, was born in Manila

Posted Wednesday September 07, 2011 13:05:28

On September 7, 1840, Regino Garcia, a renowned Filipino artist, botanist, and forester, was born in Manila.

Garcia was with the Manila Botanical Garden, in one or another capacity, since the inception of that institution in 1858, and with the Spanish Forestry Bureau from 1877 to 1898.

In May 1900, he took charge of all work of botanical nature as botanist in the Forestry Bureau of the American Civil Service.


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8

Today in Philippine History, September 8, 1954, the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization was founded in Manila

Posted Friday September 07, 2012 21:31:25
SEATO flag   
SEATO flag (Photo credit: Wikipedia Commons)   

On September 8, 1954, the eight-member Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO), intended primarily to deter the further spread of communism in Southeast Asia, was founded in Manila.

Also known as the Manila Pact, its founding members were the Philippines, the United States, France, Australia, the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Pakistan and Thailand.

In addition to joint military training, the organization did some work on mutual social and economic issues.


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9

Today in Philippine History, September 9, 1878, Sergio Osmeña Sr was born in Cebu City

Posted Saturday September 08, 2012 20:43:29
Sergio Osmeña Sr   
Sergio Osmeña Sr.   

On September 9, 1878, Sergio Osmeña Sr., Speaker of the first Philippine Assembly and second President of the Commonwealth, was born in Cebu City.

From a rich prominent clan with vast business interests in Cebu, Osmeña was an editor of a Spanish newspaper in Cebu City, El Nuevo Día, before he took up law at the University of Santos Tomas. He placed second in the Bar examinations.

At the age of 25, Osmeña was appointed by the American governor-general as acting governor of Cebu, then provincial fiscal.


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10

Today in Philippine History September 10, 1763, Gabriela Silang fought valiantly against the Spaniards

Posted Saturday September 10, 2011 03:59:57
Gabriela Silang

On September 10, 1763, Maria Josefa Gabriela Cariño Silang also known as Gabriela Silang, fought valiantly against the Spaniards in Vigan, Ilocos Sur.

Gabriela took over the battle of her husband, Diego Silang, leader of the Filipino rebels in the Ilocos, who was betrayed by a close friend and was assassinated on May 28, 1763 by order of royal and church authorities in Manila.


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11

Today in Philippine History, September 11, 1917, Ferdinand E. Marcos was born in Sarrat, Ilocos Norte

Posted Sunday September 11, 2011 12:26:29
President Marcos
(President and First Lady Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos with Lyndon B. Johnson and Lady Bird on September 12, 1966)

On September 11, 1917, Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos, the 10th president of the Philippines and the longest to stay in office for more than 20 years -- from 1966 to February 1987 1986 -- was born in Sarrat, Ilocos Norte to Mariano Marcos and Josefa Edralin.

A champion debater of the University of the Philippines, Marcos topped the Bar examinations with an almost perfect score.

Before his election to the presidency in November 1965, Marcos was a member of the House of Representatives (1949–1959) and of the Senate (1959–1965). He was Senate president from 1963 to 1965.


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